Home Collections Lists Contact

Common name

English: Pigeon Wood, Trema

Mandarin: 异色山黄麻 (yi se shan huang ma)


Kingdom: Plantae (2669)

  Phylum: Tracheophyta (2583)

    Class: Magnoliopsida (2176)

      Order: Rosales (119)

        Family: Cannabaceae (4)(family description)

          Genus: Trema (1)

            Epithet: orientalis (L.) Blume (3)

Synonyms: Celtis glomerata Hochst., Celtis guineensis Schumach., Celtis madagascariensis Bojer, Celtis orientalis L., Celtis rigida Blume, Sponia affinis Planch., Sponia africana Planch., Sponia andaresa Comm., Sponia argentea Planch., Sponia burmannii (Blume) Planch., Sponia commersonii Decne., Sponia guineensis Planch., Sponia nitens Hook.fil., Sponia orientalis (L.) Decne., Sponia rigida (Blume) Decne., Sponia scaberrima (Blume) Miq., Sponia strigosa Planch., Sponia wightii Planch., Trema affine (Planch.) Blume, Trema affinis (Planch.) Blume, Trema africana (Planch.) Blume, Trema argentea (Planch.) Blume, Trema burmannii Blume, Trema commersonii (Planch.) Blume, Trema grevei Baill., Trema grisea Baker, Trema guineense (Schumach. & Thonn.) Ficalho, Trema guineensis (Schumach. & Thonn.) Ficalho, Trema nitens Blume, Trema orientalis (Blume) Lauterb., Trema polygama Z.M.Wu & J.Y.Lin, Trema rigida Blume, Trema scaberrima Blume, Trema sieberi Blume, Trema strigosa (Planch.) Blume, Trema wightii (Planch.) Blume

affine => similar, related, of near alliance

affinis => similar, related, of near alliance

africana => of African origin

argentea => silvery

burmannii => in honor of Nicholaas Laurens Burman (1734-1793), Dutch botanist

glomerata => club-shaped, clustered into a head

guineense => from Guinea (West-Africa)

guineensis => indicates origin in the Guinea Coast

madagascariensis => from Madagascar

orientalis => eastern

rigida => stiff, inflexible


Climate: tropical

Habitat: mesophytic

Habit: tree

Flower colour: green, white

External links

Check for Trema orientalis at

World Flora Online, GBIF or IPNI

Search for more