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Common name

English: Evergreen Oak, Holly-leaved Oak, Holm Oak

German: Steineiche

Portuguese: Azinheira


Kingdom: Plantae (2659)

  Phylum: Tracheophyta (2572)

    Class: Magnoliopsida (2167)

      Order: Fagales (32)

        Family: Fagaceae (23)(family description)

          Genus: Quercus (16)

            Epithet: ilex Linn. (1)

Synonyms: Quercus alpina Endl., Quercus bellota Colmeiro & E.Boutelou, Quercus castellana Poir., Quercus cookii Loudon, Quercus crispa K.Koch, Quercus cyclophylla Welw., Quercus expansa Poir., Quercus fagifolia K.Koch, Quercus fordii (Loudon) Carr, Quercus glauca Martrin-Donos & Timb.-Lagr., Quercus gracilis Lange, Quercus gramuntia L., Quercus ilex ssp. genuina (Cout.) C.Vicioso, Quercus ilicifolia Salisb.

alpina => from the Alps

crispa => curled closely, crested

expansa => expanded, stretched out, spread out

fagifolia => beech-leaved

fordii => in honor of Charles Ford (1844-1927), British botanist and plant collector in China

glauca => greyish or bluish

gracilis => slender, graceful

ilex => like Holly, Ilex

ilicifolia => from Latin, Ilex, holly and folium, a leaf


Climate: sub-tropical

Habitat: mesophytic

Habit: tree

Flower colour: green, yellow

External links

Check for Quercus ilex at

World Flora Online, GBIF or IPNI

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