Home Collections Lists Query Contact

Common name

English: Norway Spruce

German: Gemeine Fichte

Mandarin: 欧洲云杉 (ou zhou yun shan)


Kingdom: Plantae (2634)

  Phylum: Tracheophyta (2572)

    Class: Pinopsida (36)

      Order: Pinales (35)

        Family: Pinaceae (18)(family description)

          Genus: Picea (1)

            Epithet: abies (L.) H.Karst. (1)

Synonyms: Abies clambrasiliana Lavallée, Abies clanbrassiliana P.Lawson, Abies coerulescens K.Koch, Abies communis P.Lawson, Abies conica Lavallée, Abies cranstonii Lavallée, Abies elegans Sm., Abies eremita K.Koch, Abies excelsa Lam., Abies finedonensis Gordon, Abies gigantea Sm., Abies gregoryana H.Low., Abies inverta R.Sm., Abies lemoniana Booth, Abies minima Lavallée, Abies minuta Poir., Abies mucronata Rausch, Abies parvula Knight, Abies pumila Voss, Abies viminalis Wahlenb., Larix decidua f. pendula (P.Lawson) R.E.Fr., Picea abies f. argentea (Beissn.) Rehder, Picea cranstonii Beissn., Picea elegantissima Beissn., Picea excelsa f. argentea Beissn., Picea finedonensis Beissn., Picea gregoryana Beissn., Picea maxwellii Beissn., Picea remontii Beissn., Picea velebitica Simonk., Pinus abies f. inversa (Gordon) Voss, Pinus carpathicus Gordon, Pinus cinerea Borkh., Pinus clanbrassiliana Lodd., Pinus orientalis Frivald, Pinus vulgaris Link

abies => lat. for silver fir tree

cinerea => ashen-grey

communis => common, or growing in society

elegans => graceful, neat, nice

excelsa => high, elevated

gigantea => gigantic, unusually higher than the type

minima => very small

minuta => smaller, lesser

mucronata => terminating, an organ with a straight, stiff and sharp point

orientalis => eastern

pumila => short, very small, low, small, dwarf

vulgaris => common, everyday


Climate: temperate

Habit: tree

External links

Check for Picea abies at

World Flora Online, GBIF or IPNI

Search for more