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Common name

English: Indian fig opuntia

German: Feigenkaktus

Mandarin: 梨果仙人掌 (li guo xian ren zhang)

Portuguese: Figueira da Índia


Kingdom: Plantae (2629)

  Phylum: Tracheophyta (2532)

    Class: Magnoliopsida (2141)

      Order: Caryophyllales (123)

        Family: Cactaceae (20)(family description)

          Genus: Opuntia (5)

            Epithet: ficus-indica (L.) Mill. (1)

Synonyms: Cactus decumanus Willd., Cactus ficus-indica L., Cactus maximus Colla, Cactus opuntia Guss., Opuntia alfagayucca Karw., Opuntia amyclaea Ten., Opuntia apurimacensis (F.Ritter) R.Crook & Mottram, Opuntia castillae Griffiths, Opuntia compressa McBride, Opuntia cordobensis Speg., Opuntia cordodensis Speg., Opuntia decumana (Willd.) Haw., Opuntia fulvispina Salm-Dyck, Opuntia gymnocarpa F.A.C.Weber, Opuntia hispanica Griffiths, Opuntia incarnadilla Griffiths, Opuntia joconostle F.A.C.Weber ex Diguet, Opuntia labouretiana Console, Opuntia maxima Mill., Opuntia megacantha Salm-Dyck, Opuntia paraguayensis K.Schum., Opuntia undulata Griffiths, Opuntia vulgaris Gibbes, Platyopuntia apurimacensis F.Ritter, Platyopuntia cordobensis (Speg.) F.Ritter, Platyopuntia ficus-indica (L.) F.Ritter, Platyopuntia vulgaris (Mill.) F.Ritter

decumana => from east to west

decumanus => from east to west

hispanica => of Spanish origin

joconostle => acidic cactus pears, derived from the Aztec xoconostle for sour fruit (xoco=acid; noxtle=pear-like)

maxima => largest

maximus => largest

undulata => wavy, with wavy margin

vulgaris => common, everyday


Climate: sub-tropical

Habitat: mesophytic

External links

Check for Opuntia ficus-indica at

World Flora Online, GBIF or IPNI

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