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Kingdom: Plantae (2659)

  Phylum: Tracheophyta (2572)

    Class: Magnoliopsida (2167)

      Order: Lamiales (196)

        Family: Lamiaceae (97)(family description)

          Genus: Monarda (1)

            Epithet: fistulosa L. (2)

Synonyms: Monarda affinis Link, Monarda albiflora C.Morren, Monarda barbata Wender., Monarda coerulea Benth., Monarda commutata Wender., Monarda cristata Benth., Monarda dubia Benth., Monarda hybrida Wender., Monarda involucrata Wender., Monarda lilacina Wender., Monarda longifolia Lam., Monarda oblongata Aiton, Monarda purpurascens Dum.Cours., Monarda purpurea Pursh, Monarda scabra Beck, Monarda undulata Tausch ex Rchb., Monarda urticifolia Tausch, Monarda varians W.Barton, Monarda violacea Desf., Monarda virginalis Vilm., Pycnanthemum monardella Michx.

affinis => similar, related, of near alliance

albiflora => white-flowered

barbata => bearded, having tufts of long weak hairs

commutata => changed, altered

cristata => comb-like, crested

dubia => doubtful, uncertain (usually in regard to taxonomic placement)

fistulosa => tubular, hollow throughout as the leaf of an onion, or full of holes

hybrida => hybrid cross, between two species, sharing both characteristics

involucrata => enwrapped, provided with covering, rolled together

longifolia => having long leaves

oblongata => oblong, long in one way

purpurascens => purplish or turning purple

purpurea => purple

scabra => rough to touch

undulata => wavy, with wavy margin

urticifolia => nettle-leaved

violacea => derived from the Latin "viola" meaning violet


Climate: temperate

Habit: herb

Flower colour: white

External links

Check for Monarda fistulosa at

World Flora Online, GBIF or IPNI

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