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Common name

English: Southern Magnolia

German: Großblütige Magnolie

Mandarin: 荷花木兰 (he hua mu lan)

Portuguese: Magnólia-de-flores-grandes


Kingdom: Plantae (2659)

  Phylum: Tracheophyta (2572)

    Class: Magnoliopsida (2167)

      Order: Magnoliales (18)

        Family: Magnoliaceae (6)(family description)

          Genus: Magnolia (5)

            Epithet: grandiflora L. (7)

Synonyms: Magnolia angustifolia Millais, Magnolia elliptica Link., Magnolia exoniensis Millais, Magnolia ferruginea W.Watson, Magnolia foetida (L.) Sarg., Magnolia galissoniensis Millais, Magnolia gloriosa Millais, Magnolia hartwegii G.Nicholson, Magnolia hartwicus G.Nicholson, Magnolia lacunosa Raf., Magnolia lanceolata Link, Magnolia longifolia Sweet, Magnolia maxima Lodd. ex G.Don, Magnolia microphylla Ser., Magnolia obovata Aiton ex Link, Magnolia praecox Millais, Magnolia pravertiana Millais, Magnolia rotundifolia Millais, Magnolia stricta G.Nicholson, Magnolia tardiflora Ser., Magnolia tomentosa Ser.

angustifolia => with narrow leaves

elliptica => elliptic

exoniensis => from Exeter, Devon, England, UK

ferruginea => rust-coloured

foetida => evil smelling

gloriosa => glorious, noble, splendid

grandiflora => with flowers larger than the normal

hartwegii => Karl Theodor Hartweg (1812-1871), a Geman collector for the London Horticultural Society in Ecuador, Mexico and California

lacunosa => with holes

lanceolata => lancet-like in form

longifolia => having long leaves

maxima => largest

microphylla => small-leaved

obovata => egg-shaped

praecox => early-ripening

rotundifolia => referring to the rounded leaves

stricta => drawn together, stiff, upright

tardiflora => late-flowering

tomentosa => densely covered with short, soft, tangled hairs


Climate: temperate

Habitat: mesophytic

Habit: tree

Flower colour: purple, violet, pink, white

External links

Check for Magnolia grandiflora at

World Flora Online, GBIF or IPNI


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