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Common name

English: Indian lettuce

Mandarin: 翅果菊 (chi guo ju)


Kingdom: Plantae (2635)

  Phylum: Tracheophyta (2573)

    Class: Magnoliopsida (2146)

      Order: Asterales (237)

        Family: Asteraceae (221)(family description)

          Genus: Lactuca (3)

            Epithet: indica L. (12)

Synonyms: Ammoseris patens Wall., Brachyramphus heyneanus Wight, Brachyramphus sinicus Miq., Brachyramphus sonchifolius Thw., Brachyramphus taraxacoides DC., Brachyrhamphus sinicus Miq., Chondrilla indica (L.) Steud., Chondrilla squarrosa (Thunb.) Poir., Lactuca amurensis Regel & Maxim., Lactuca brevirostris Champ. ex Benth., Lactuca cavaleriei H.Lév., Lactuca dracoglossa Makino, Lactuca kouyangensis H.Lév., Lactuca laciniata (Houttuyn) Makino, Lactuca mauritiana Poir., Lactuca squarrosa (Thunb.) Maxim., Leontodon acutissimus Noronha, Microrhynchus patens DC., Prenanthes indica (L.) C.Shih, Prenanthes laciniata Houtt., Prenanthes patens Wall., Prenanthes squarrosa Thunb., Prenanthes taraxacoides Wall., Pterocypsela indica (L.) C.Shih, Pterocypsela indivisa (Makino) H.S.Pak, Pterocypsela laciniata (Houtt.) C.Shih, Sonchus calyculatus Roxb.

heyneanus => in honor of Dr. Benjamin Heyne (1770–1819), German botanist, missionary and collector in SW India

indica => from or referring in some way to India

indivisa => not divided

laciniata => shredded or torn

mauritiana => refers to ancient Mauritania

patens => spreading, opening out

squarrosa => being rough or scurfy

taraxacoides => resembling Taraxacum, the Dandelion


Climate: tropical

Habitat: mesophytic

Habit: herb

Flower colour: yellow, white

External links

Check for Lactuca indica at

World Flora Online, GBIF or IPNI

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