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Common name

English: European beech

German: Rotbuche

Portuguese: Faia-europeia


Kingdom: Plantae (2659)

  Phylum: Tracheophyta (2572)

    Class: Magnoliopsida (2167)

      Order: Fagales (32)

        Family: Fagaceae (23)(family description)

          Genus: Fagus (3)

            Epithet: sylvatica L. (6)

              Forma: purpurea (Aiton) C.K.Schneid.

Synonyms: Castanea fagus Scop., Fagus aenea Dum.Cours., Fagus asplenifolia Dum.Cours., Fagus cochleata (Dippel) Domin, Fagus comptoniifolia Desf., Fagus crispa Dippel, Fagus cristata Dum.Cours., Fagus cucullata Dippel, Fagus cuprea Hurter ex A.DC., Fagus incisa Dippel, Fagus pendula (Lodd.) Dum.Cours., Fagus purpurea Dum.Cours., Fagus quercoides (Pers.) Dippel, Fagus salicifolia A.DC., Fagus sylvestris Gaertn., Fagus variegata A.DC.

crispa => curled closely, crested

cristata => comb-like, crested

incisa => cut into; sharply and deeply cut

pendula => hanging down as through weakness of the stem

purpurea => purple

salicifolia => having leaves like Salix (Willow)

sylvatica => wild not cultivated, growing in woods and forests

sylvestris => wild not cultivated, growing in woods and forests

variegata => irregularly coloured, in stripes or patches


Climate: temperate

Habitat: mesophytic

Habit: tree

Flower colour: green

External links

Check for Fagus sylvatica at

World Flora Online, GBIF or IPNI

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