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Common name

English: Annual valerian

German: Fußangel-Spornblume


Kingdom: Plantae (2635)

  Phylum: Tracheophyta (2573)

    Class: Magnoliopsida (2146)

      Order: Dipsacales (33)

        Family: Caprifoliaceae (18)(family description)

          Genus: Centranthus (2)

            Epithet: calcitrapa (L.) Dufr. (1)

Synonyms: Centranthus macrosiphon Willk., Hybidium calcitrapa Fourr., Kentranthus calcitrapa Druce, Ocymastrum calcitrapa Kuntze, Rittera calcitrapa Raf. (L.), Valeriana annua Gray, Valeriana calcitrapa L., Valeriana laciniata Salisb., Valeriana parviflora Miégev., Valeriana rotundifolia Sibth. & Sm., Valeriana steveni Ledeb.

annua => yearly, annual, lasting a year, within a year

calcitrapa => caltrop (an antipersonnel weapon made up of sharp spines arranged in such a manner that one of them always points upward from a stable base)

laciniata => shredded or torn

parviflora => small flowers

rotundifolia => referring to the rounded leaves


Climate: temperate

Habit: herb

Flower colour: violet, pink, white

External links

Check for Centranthus calcitrapa at

World Flora Online, GBIF or IPNI

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