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Common name

English: Annatto, Lipstick Tree

German: Achiote, Annato, Orleanbaum, Urucum

Mandarin: 红木 (hong mu)

Portuguese: Urucum

Classification

Kingdom: Plantae (2616)

  Phylum: Tracheophyta (2519)

    Class: Magnoliopsida (2128)

      Order: Malvales (80)

        Family: Bixaceae (2)(family description)

          Genus: Bixa (1)

            Epithet: orellana L. (1)

Synonyms: Bixa acuminata Boj., Bixa americana Poir., Bixa katangensis Delpierre, Bixa odorata Ruiz & Pav. ex G.Don, Bixa orleana Noronha, Bixa platycarpa Ruiz & Pav., Bixa purpurea Sweet, Bixa tinctaria Salisb., Bixa tinctoria Salisb., Orellana americana (Poir.) Kuntze, Orellana orellana (L.) Kuntze

acuminata => long pointed

americana => from America

odorata => sweet-smelling

orellana => in reference to Maranhão, Brazil (formerly Orelhana named after Francisco de Orellana [c. 1500 - c. 1549] a Spanish explorer and conquistador)

platycarpa => flat or broad fruit

purpurea => purple

tinctoria => used for dyeing.

Characteristics

Climate: tropical

Habitat: mesophytic

Habit: shrub, tree

Flower colour: pink, white

External links

Check for Bixa orellana at

World Flora Online, GBIF or IPNI

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