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Common name

English: Pineapple

German: Ananas

Mandarin: 凤梨 (feng li)

Portuguese: Abacaxi, Ananás


Kingdom: Plantae (2659)

  Phylum: Tracheophyta (2572)

    Class: Magnoliopsida (2167)

      Order: Bromeliales (8)

        Family: Bromeliaceae (9)(family description)

          Genus: Ananas (2)

            Epithet: comosus (L.) Merr. (1)

Synonyms: Ananas argentata J.C.Wendl. ex Schult. & Schult.f., Ananas aurata J.C.Wendl. ex Schult. & Schult.f., Ananas bracteatus Baker, Ananas coccineus Descourt., Ananas debilis Schult. & Schult.f., Ananas maxima Schult. & Schult.f., Ananas monstrosus (Carrière) L.B.Sm., Ananas ovatus Mill., Ananas pancheanus André, Ananas penangensis Baker, Ananas porteanus Veitch ex K.Koch, Ananas pyramidalis Mill., Ananas sativus Schult. & Schult.f., Ananas serotinus Mill., Ananas viridis Mill., Ananassa ananas (L.) H.Karst., Ananassa debilis Lindl., Ananassa monstrosa Carrière, Ananassa porteana (Veitch ex K.Koch) Carrière, Ananassa sativa (Schult. & Schult.f.) Lindl. ex Beer, Bromelia ananas L., Bromelia communis Lam., Bromelia comosa L., Bromelia mai-pouri Perrier, Bromelia pigna Perrier, Bromelia rubra Schult. & Schult.f., Bromelia violacea Schult. & Schult.f., Bromelia viridis (Mill.) Schult. & Schult.f., Distiacanthus communis (Lam.) Rojas Acosta

bracteatus => having prominent bracts

communis => common, or growing in society

comosa => referring to hair

comosus => tuft like

debilis => weak, frail, small

maxima => largest

ovatus => oval, egg-shaped; elliptic, but broader at the base

pyramidalis => pyramid shaped

rubra => red in a general sense

sativa => sown, planted, cultivated, not wild

sativus => sown, planted, cultivated, not wild

serotinus => autumnal, of late season, occuring late, late flowering

violacea => derived from the Latin "viola" meaning violet

viridis => green in color


Climate: tropical

Habitat: mesophytic

Habit: herb

Flower colour: violet, red

External links

Check for Ananas comosus at

World Flora Online, GBIF or IPNI

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