List of Epithets

Specific epithets their meaning and number of taxon (synonym) entries

Epithet

Meaning

Entries

sabauda from Savoy (Sabaudia or Sapaudia), Southeastern France 0 (1)
sabdariffa H. sabdariffa, origin and meaning debatable 1 (0)
sabulosa 0 (1)
saccharinum sugary 1 (0)
saccharum from Sanskrit sharkara for 'sugar' 1 (0)
sachalinensis from Sakhalin, Russian island in the North Pacific Ocean 1 (0)
sagittaria 0 (1)
sagittata possessing or resembling an arrow 1 (1)
sagittifolia 1 (1)
sagus 0 (1)
salamonis from the Solomon Islands 0 (1)
salicaria Salix-like (leaves) 2 (0)
salicifolia having leaves like Salix (Willow) 1 (4)
salicifolium having leaves like Salix (Willow) 1 (1)
salicifolius having leaves like Salix (Willow) 0 (1)
salicina willow (Salix)-like 1 (0)
saligna willow (Salix)-like 1 (0)
salina growing in saline soils 0 (1)
salmantica from ancient Salmantica, now Salamanca, in Spain 1 (1)
salota 0 (1)
salutaris healthful, wholesome 0 (1)
salvatorii 0 (1)
salvifolius with leaves like Sage, Salvia 1 (0)
salviifolia with leaves like Sage, Salvia 1 (1)
salviifolium with leaves like Sage, Salvia 0 (1)
salzmannii 0 (1)
saman derived from an American Indian name of Samanea saman 1 (9)
sambucina elder-like, resembling Sambucus 0 (1)
samoensis from the Samoan Islands 0 (1)
sampsucifolius with leaves similar to Origanum majorana called sampsucum by the ancient Syrians and Egyptians 0 (1)
sancta 0 (1)
sanguiana 0 (1)
sanguinea blood-red 1 (3)
sanguineum blood-red 1 (0)
santalinoides refers to its likeness to Pterocarpus santalinus found in Asia 1 (0)
santolinifolia 0 (1)
sapida from the Latin sapidus meaning 'tasty' 1 (1)
saponaria refers to a soaplike substance called saponin 0 (2)
sapota derived from the Nahuatl (indigenous Mesoamerican) name for M. zapota 0 (1)
sartorii in honor of Carl Christian Wilhelm Sartorius (1796-1872), German plant collector emigrated to Mexico 0 (1)
sassafras 0 (2)
sativa sown, planted, cultivated, not wild 6 (5)
sativum sown, planted, cultivated, not wild 1 (2)
sativus sown, planted, cultivated, not wild 0 (1)
sauliana 0 (1)
saxatile growing on or among rocks 1 (0)
saxicola 0 (2)
scaber rough 0 (1)
scaberrimum roughest 1 (0)
scabiosa covered with or having a scab 1 (0)
scabra rough to touch 2 (2)
scabrellum somewhat rough 0 (1)
scabrida having a rough surface 0 (1)
scabriflora rough-flowered 1 (0)
scabriusculum somewhat scabrid, slightly rough 0 (1)
scabrosum rather rough 0 (1)
scabrum rough to touch 1 (0)
scandens climbing 2 (4)
scanensis from Scania, region in Sweden 0 (1)
schafta vernacular name for Silene schaftaa from the area around the Caspian Sea 1 (0)
schiedeana in honor of Christian Julius Wilhelm Schiede (1798-1836), German botanist and plant collector in Mexico 0 (1)
schimperiana indicating connection to Georg Heinrich Wilhelm Schimper (1804–1878), German plant collector in Near East and north-eastern Africa 2 (0)
schizopetalus split petals 1 (0)
schliebenii in honor of Hans Joachim Schlieben (1902-1975), German plant collector in Tanzania 0 (2)
schnellii in honor of Raymond Albert Alfred Schnell (1913-1999), French botanist and specialist in tropical phytogeography 0 (1)
schoenoprasum chives, from greek 'skhoinos' for rush and 'prason' for leek, a reference to the rush (Juncus)-like leaf of the plant 1 (0)
schomburgkiana in honor of Robert Hermann Schomburgk (1804-1865), German-born explorer who carried out geographical, ethnological and botanical studies in South America and the West Indies, and also fulfilled diplomatic missions for Great Britain 0 (1)
schunkevigoi in honor of José Schunke Vigo (fl. 1935-1978), Peruvian plant collector 0 (1)
schweinfurthii in honor of George Angust Schweinfurth (1836-1925), collector in central Africa 0 (1)
scindens 0 (1)
sclareoides 1 (0)
scolopendria centipede-like 1 (3)
scolopendrium refers to the sori that are arranged rows which resemble the many legs of a centipede (skolopenda meaning centipede in Greek) 1 (0)
scolymus from the Greek for artichoke 0 (1)
scoparia brush- or broom-like 1 (1)
scoparium broom-like, from lat. 'scopa' for broom 1 (1)
scoparius broom like habit 1 (1)
scorodonia garlic-like 4 (0)
scorodoprasum garlic-like 1 (0)
scorpioides scorpion like, when the inflorescence resembles a scorpion's tail 1 (1)
scrobiculatum a minute depression, from the diminutive of the Latin scrobus (a ditch) 1 (0)
scutatus armed with a shield 1 (0)
sebestena derived from the genus Sebesten 1 (1)
sechellense 0 (1)
sechellensis 0 (1)
secundatum one-sided, arranged on one side only 1 (0)
secundiflora 1 (2)
secundiflorum 0 (1)
secundum one-sided, arranged on one side only 0 (1)
sediforme habit of Sedum, Stonecrop 1 (0)
segetale 0 (1)
segetalis of the cornfields, growing in standing crops 1 (2)
segetum growing in standing crops 1 (0)
seguinii 1 (1)
seikomontanus 0 (1)
semecarpifolia 1 (0)
semialatum half winged, more or less winged, occasionally winged 0 (1)
semicalva nearly smooth 0 (1)
semierectus somewhat erect 0 (1)
semispinosa partly or somewhat spiny, with few spines 0 (1)
sempervirens evergreen, retaining leaves in winter 2 (3)
senegalensis from the banks of the river Senegal in West-Africa 4 (2)
senegambiensis from or of the Senegambia Confederation, dissolved confederation between Senegal and The Gambia 2 (0)
senensis from Sena, a town on the Zambezi River in central Mozambique 0 (1)
sensibile 0 (2)
sensibilis sensitive, manifesting irritability 1 (1)
sensitiva 0 (1)
senticosus thorny 1 (0)
sepium from saepes: 'hedge, fence' 3 (0)
septatus having separations or partitions 0 (1)
septentrionalis 1 (1)
sequax pursuing, following, trailing 1 (2)
serbica 0 (1)
sericea silky, covered with silky pubescence 1 (5)
sericeum silky, covered with silky pubescence 0 (1)
sericeus silky, covered with silky pubescence 0 (2)
serotina autumnal, of late season, occuring late, late flowering 0 (1)
serotinum autumnal, of late season, occuring late, late flowering 0 (1)
serotinus autumnal, of late season, occuring late, late flowering 1 (1)
serpens creeping, serpentine 0 (1)
serrata beset with saw teeth 1 (2)
serratum herb-like, with succulent stem 1 (0)
serratus toothed 1 (2)
serriola saw-like 1 (0)
sesamoides resembling Sesame 1 (0)
sessiflora bearing sessile, or stalk-less flowers 0 (1)
sessiliflora bearing sessile, or stalk-less flowers 1 (0)
sessilis sitting close, destitute of a stalk 1 (2)
setidens 1 (2)
setiferum from saeta, a bristle or stiff hair and fero, to bear or carry 1 (0)
setifolium bristle-leaved 0 (1)
setigera bearing bristles, bristly 1 (1)
setosa with many bristles or stiff hairs, covered with bristles, bristles 0 (1)
setosum with many bristles or stiff hairs, covered with bristles, bristles 1 (1)
sexlocularis six-celled 0 (2)
seyal by Del., probably from arab. sayyal – flowing, referring to a habitat close to wadis 2 (0)
shimadae in honor of Yaichi Shimada (1884-1971), Japanese botanist 0 (1)
shweliensis from the Shweli River, it forms part of the boundary between Burma and China 1 (0)
siamea from Siam (old name for Thailand) 1 (0)
siamense 0 (1)
siamensis of Siam 0 (3)
siberica from Siberia, Russia 1 (0)
sibirica of Siberian origin 2 (0)
sibiricum of Siberian origin 0 (1)
siceraria comes from Hebrew "shekhar" for strong drink, latinised "sicera" for drinking vessel 1 (1)
sideritis 0 (1)
sieberiana in honor of Franz Wilhelm Sieber (1789-1844) - Austrian botanist 2 (0)
sieberianus 0 (1)
sieboldianum in honor of Philipp Franz von Siebold (1796–1866), German-born physician 0 (1)
sieboldii in honor of Philipp Franz von Siebold (1796–1866), German-born physician 1 (0)
sikkimense 0 (1)
sikkimensis from Sikkim, a landlocked Indian state located in the Himalayan mountains 0 (1)
siliqua Latin for container or pod 1 (0)
siliquastrum from siliqua - lat. legume seed pod 1 (0)
siliquosum with many pods 0 (1)
silvatica growing in woods and forests 1 (0)
simaoense from the Simao District, Yunnan, P.R. China 1 (0)
simaoensis 0 (1)
simondii 0 (1)
simplex of one piece or series (opposed to compound) 2 (2)
simplicifolia simple leaves 1 (3)
simulans 0 (1)
sincoranum from the Serra do Sincora, Brazil 1 (0)
sinensis of Chinese origin 3 (2)
sinica of Chinese origin 0 (2)
sinicum of Chinese origin 0 (2)
sintenisii in honor of Paul Ernst Emil Sintenis (1847-1907), German botanist, pharmacist and plant collector 0 (1)
sinuata having a deep, wavy margin 1 (3)
sinuatum having a deep, wavy margin (like the oak-leaf) 1 (1)
sisalana derived from the Mayan word 'tsootquij' for A. sisalana 1 (0)
smeathmanii in honor of Henry Smeathman (1742–1786), English naturalist and plant collector 1 (0)
smilacinum resembling Smilax 0 (1)
smilesianum 1 (0)
solanifolius with leaves as in the genera Solanum 0 (1)
soldanella with leaves like Soldanella 2 (2)
soldanelloides resembling Soldanella 0 (1)
solida solid, entire, contracted, dense 1 (0)
solitaria solitary, lonely, monotypic genus 0 (1)
solitarium solitary, lonely, monotypic genus 0 (1)
solstitialis pertaining to the longest day of the year 1 (0)
somniferum sleep-inducing 1 (0)
sonchifolia having leaves like Sonchus 1 (0)
sonderiana in honor of Otto Wilhelm Sonder (1812-1881), German botanist and pharmacist 0 (1)
sonderianus in honor of Otto Wilhelm Sonder (1812-1881), German botanist and pharmacist 1 (0)
sorzogonensis 0 (2)
sparganophorum inflorescence similar to Sparganium 1 (1)
spartea resembling Esparto-Grass 1 (0)
spartioides 0 (1)
spathophylla 0 (1)
spathulata 0 (2)
spathulatum shaped like a spatula 0 (1)
speciosa beautiful 5 (7)
speciosum beautiful 2 (2)
speciosus beautiful, showy or brilliant 2 (2)
spectabile showy, superior, spectaclular 1 (1)
spectabilis showy, superior, spectaclular 2 (2)
spergulaefolia leaves resembling those of Spergula 0 (1)
sphacelata 0 (1)
sphacelatum 0 (1)
sphaerica 0 (1)
sphaerocarpa round-fruit 1 (1)
sphaerocephala round-headed 2 (1)
sphaerocephalon sphere or round head 1 (0)
sphaeroidea spherical 0 (2)
sphondylium genus name that predates Linnaeus, may refer to spine (in the sense of backbone) 1 (0)
spica 0 (1)
spicant spike-like 1 (0)
spicata spike-like, or disposed on a spike 2 (3)
spicatum spike-like, or disposed on a spike 1 (1)
spicatus spike-like, or disposed on a spike 1 (1)
spiciformis spike-shaped 1 (0)
spicigera bearing spikes 1 (1)
spicigerum 0 (1)
spinarum spiny 1 (0)
spinosa having spines or thorns 7 (5)
spinosior more spiny or thorny, very spiny 1 (0)
spinosissimus most spiny or thorny, superlative of spinosa 1 (0)
spinosus having spines or thorns 2 (0)
spinulosus bearing small spines 0 (1)
spirale winding round in a circular form 1 (0)
spiralis coiled, wound round 2 (1)
splendens 0 (1)
splendida splendid 0 (1)
splitgerheri 0 (1)
spongocarpa 0 (1)
spongocarpum 0 (1)
spuria false, doubtful 1 (1)
spurium false 1 (1)
spurius 1 (0)
squalida 0 (3)
squalidum 0 (1)
squamata scaly 2 (0)
squamatum scaly, being furnished with scales 1 (0)
squamatus scaly, being furnished with scales 0 (1)
squamosa beset with scales, or scale like 2 (0)
squamosus beset with scales, or scale like 0 (1)
squamulosus covered with small scales 0 (1)
squarrosa being rough or scurfy 1 (1)
squarrosum being rough or scurfy 0 (1)
squilla derived from the ancient Greek name for Drimia maritima 0 (1)
stachydea 1 (1)
stachyurus 0 (2)
stans self-supporting, upright, erect, standing 1 (1)
stauropolitanum 0 (1)
stellata star-like, or radiating like the points of a star 2 (1)
stellatum star-like, or radiating like the points of a star 1 (0)
stellifolia 0 (1)
stenantha 0 (2)
stenocarpa narrow, linear fruit 0 (1)
stenosepala narrow, linear sepal 0 (1)
steppicolus 0 (1)
steudelianus 0 (2)
stipulaceum having stipules 1 (0)
stipulosa with conspicuous or remarkable stipules 0 (1)
stoechadensis 0 (1)
stoechas from the Iles d'Hyères, or ancient Stoechades, a group of islands off southern France 2 (1)
stolonifer spreading by stolons, with stems which grow at the soil surface or just below ground and root at the nodes 0 (1)
stoloniferum producing stolons 1 (0)
stolzii 0 (2)
straminicolor 0 (1)
stramonium old botanic mane for Datura stramonium 1 (0)
stratiotes a common soldier 1 (0)
strepens making noise 0 (1)
striatellus 0 (1)
striatula somewhat grooved or marked with parallel lines 1 (0)
striatulus 0 (1)
stricta drawn together, stiff, upright 2 (5)
strictum drawn together, stiff, upright 2 (1)
strictus 0 (1)
strigosum bristled 0 (1)
strigulosa 0 (1)
strobilifera cone-bearing 1 (4)
strobiliferum cone-bearing 0 (1)
strobus curl, rotate (also gr. cone) 1 (0)
strongylanthum 1 (0)
strumarium cushion-like, swollen, tumor 1 (0)
styraciflua flowing gum 1 (0)
suareziana 0 (1)
suaveolens fragrant, sweet-smelling 3 (4)
suavissima 0 (1)
suavissimum 0 (1)
subalterna 0 (1)
subcorymbosa 0 (1)
suber lat. for cork oak and cork products 1 (0)
subfloridana 1 (0)
subhirtella 1 (0)
subinermis almost spineless 0 (2)
sublimis 0 (2)
sublobata 0 (1)
subspeciosa 0 (1)
subterranea underground 1 (3)
subulata awl-shaped 3 (0)
subumbellata slightly umbelled 1 (0)
subverticillata 0 (1)
subverticillatus 0 (1)
suffruticosa slowly growing, sub-shrubby 4 (2)
sulcata furrowed 0 (3)
sulphurea sulphur-yellow 0 (1)
sumatrana from Sumatra, Indonesia 0 (3)
sumatranus from Sumatra, Indonesia 0 (1)
sumatrensis from Sumatra, Indonesia 1 (2)
superba superb, handsome, splendid, majestic 1 (0)
supina lying down 0 (1)
sur unexplained, maybe from span. sur (south) 1 (0)
surattensis from the Surat Thani province of Thailand 2 (0)
surinamensis from Suriname 1 (3)
sutherlandii in honor of Peter Cormac Sutherland (1822-1900), Scottish geologist, physician and author 1 (0)
sventenii in honor of Eric Ragnor Sventenius (1910-1973), Hispano-Swedish botanist 0 (1)
swartziana 0 (1)
sycomorus mulberry fig 1 (0)
sylvatica wild not cultivated, growing in woods and forests 6 (4)
sylvaticum wild not cultivated, growing in woods and forests 1 (3)
sylvaticus wild not cultivated, growing in woods and forests 2 (1)
sylvestre wild not cultivated, growing in woods and forests 0 (2)
sylvestris wild not cultivated, growing in woods and forests 5 (7)
syriaca from Syria 2 (0)
syriacum 0 (1)
syriacus of Syrian origin 1 (1)
syrtica belonging to or growing on sandbanks 0 (1)