List of Epithets

Specific epithets their meaning and number of taxon (synonym) entries

Epithet

Meaning

Entries

pachyrrhachis thick rachis 0 (1)
pachystachyus thick spikes 0 (1)
pacourinoides resembling Pacourina 1 (0)
painteri in honor of Joseph Hannum Painter (1879-1908), collector in the USA 0 (1)
paivae in honor of Jorge Américo Rodrigues de Paiva (*1933), Portuguese botanist at the University of Coimbra 1 (0)
palestina 0 (1)
palhinhae in honor of Rui Teles Palhinha (1871-1957), Portuguese botanists exploring the flora the Azores 1 (0)
palisoti in honor of Ambroise Marie François Joseph Palisot, Baron de Beauvois (1752-1820), French naturalist, botanist and plant collector 0 (1)
pallens somewhat pallid, greenish 0 (1)
pallida somewhat pallid, greenish 2 (4)
pallidiflora bearing pale flowers 0 (1)
pallidus somewhat pallid 0 (1)
palmadora 1 (0)
palmata lobed or divided like a hand 1 (1)
palmatum lobed or divided like a hand 1 (0)
palmeri in honor of Edward Palmer (1829-1911), British-American botanist and archaeologist 1 (1)
palmifolia with palm-like leaves 1 (1)
paludosa marshy 2 (0)
palustre marshy 2 (0)
palustris bog, swamp-loving 7 (3)
pampaninii in honor of Renato Pampanini (1875-1949), Italian botanist and curator 0 (1)
pampininiana 0 (1)
pancheanus 0 (1)
pandurifolium fiddle-shaped leaves 0 (1)
paniculata having panicles or tufts of flowers 6 (4)
paniculatum having panicles or tufts of flowers 2 (0)
pannonicum from Pannonia, ancient province of the Roman Empire covering the present-day western half of Hungary with parts in Austria, Croatia, Serbia, Slovenia, Slovakia and Bosnia and Herzegovina 1 (0)
panormitanus 0 (1)
papaya from 'papaya' in the Taíno language of the Caribbean Islands and its relatives in the Arawak languages for the fruit of C. Papaya 1 (0)
papuana from New Guinea 0 (1)
papyraceus with the texture of paper, papery, papyrus or very light brown 0 (1)
papyrus 1 (1)
paracorvi 0 (1)
paradoxa not of the expected 1 (0)
paraguaiensis from Paraguay 0 (1)
paralias beach, coastline 1 (0)
paranensis from Paraná, Brazil 0 (1)
parasitica parasitic, living at another’s expense 1 (0)
parasiticus parasitic, living at another’s expense 0 (1)
paridifolia 1 (0)
paripou 0 (1)
parishii in honor of Samuel Bonsall Parish (1838-1928), a botanist and avid collector of southern California plants. 1 (0)
parkii in honor of Mungo Park (1771-1806), Scottish explorer of the African continent 0 (1)
parsonii 0 (1)
parsonsiana 0 (1)
parsonsii 0 (1)
parviflora small flowers 4 (3)
parviflorum small-flowered 1 (1)
parviflorus having small flowers, or smaller than the type 2 (1)
parvifolium having small leaves 0 (2)
parvifolius having small leaves 0 (1)
parvum small 1 (0)
pastoensis from San Juan de Pasto, capital of the department of Nariño in southwestern Colombia 0 (1)
patellaris 0 (1)
patens spreading, opening out 1 (0)
patersonia in honor of Colonel William Paterson (1755–1810), Scottish soldier, explorer, lieutenant governor and botanist 1 (0)
patula open, spread, broad 1 (0)
pauciflorum few-flowered 0 (1)
pauciflorus few-flowered 0 (1)
paucijuga few-paired 0 (1)
paucinervia 0 (1)
paupera 0 (1)
pavettifolia leaves as in the genera Pavetta 1 (2)
pavia in honor of Pieter Pavius (1564-1617) 1 (0)
pectinata 0 (1)
pedicellata having a pedicel, a stem that attaches single flowers to the inflorescence 1 (0)
pedicellatum having a pedicel, a stem that attaches single flowers to the inflorescence 0 (1)
pedunculata having a peduncle - a (long) flower stalk 1 (0)
pedunculatus stalked, with peduncle 1 (0)
peglerae in honour of Alice Pegler, a botanist who collected plants and insects of the Magaliesberg in 1903 1 (0)
pellucida transparent 1 (0)
peltata shield-shaped, referring to shape of leaf and position of stalk in center of leaf 2 (0)
peltatus shield-shaped 1 (0)
penangensis 0 (1)
pendula hanging down as through weakness of the stem 2 (7)
pendulina 0 (1)
penduloides resembling a pendulous habit 1 (0)
penicillata 0 (1)
pensylvanica from Pennsylvania, North America 2 (1)
pensylvanicum from Pennsylvania, North America 0 (1)
pentandra five-stamen - from Greek ‘penta’ (five) and ‘andron’ (male) 1 (2)
pentandria five-stamen - from Greek ‘penta’ (five) and ‘andron’ (male) 0 (1)
pentandrum five-stamen - from Greek ‘penta’ (five) and ‘andron’ (male) 0 (2)
pentapetala having five petals 0 (1)
pentaphylla five-leaved 1 (1)
pentaphyllus five-leaved 0 (1)
peplis name for Chamaesyce peplis recorded by Pedanius Dioscorides (40—90 AD), a Greek physician, pharmacologist and botanist 1 (4)
peploides resembling Water-Purslane, Peplis 1 (1)
peplum 0 (1)
peplus derived from a generic name for the species 1 (4)
pepo fruit like a pumpkin or gourd 1 (0)
peregrina strange, foreign 2 (1)
peregrinum strange, foreign, exotic 0 (1)
pereirae 1 (0)
perenne perennial, lasting more than two years 1 (1)
perennis perennial, lasting more than two years 2 (1)
perfoliata leaves surrounding or embracing the stem 2 (1)
perfoliatum with leaf-like appendage through which the stalk passes 1 (1)
perforata pierced with holes or pores 1 (0)
perforatum pierced with holes 1 (0)
periclymenum honey-suckle, common Woodbine, or Bear-bind 1 (0)
perilloides resembling Perilla 0 (1)
perlaria 1 (0)
permixtus 0 (1)
perpensa 1 (0)
perpusillus very small 1 (0)
perrottetii in honor of Georges Samuel Perrottet (1793–1870), Swiss botanist and horticulturalist 0 (1)
persica from Persia 2 (2)
persicaria from the resemblance of the leaves of some species to those of Persica, the peach 0 (1)
persistentia 0 (1)
peruiferum producing balsam of Peru 1 (0)
peruviana of Peruvian origin 3 (2)
peruvianum from Peru 0 (3)
pes-caprae goat foot, form of leaf 3 (0)
petasitis hat like 1 (2)
petelotii in honor of Paul Alfred Pételot (1885-c.1940), French botanist and entomologist who collected plants in Indo-China, now Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam 1 (0)
petiolaris having petioles, not sessile, distinctly petiolate 0 (1)
petiolata having petioles, not sessile, distinctly petiolate 1 (0)
petiolatum having petioles, not sessile, distinctly petiolate 0 (2)
peyrei 0 (1)
phalerata 0 (2)
phalloides phallus-like, resembling stinkhorn (Phallus) 1 (2)
phaseoloides resembling Phaseolus, the Latin name for bean, which means small boat in reference to the pods 1 (2)
phellocarpa 0 (3)
philippensis from the Philippines 1 (1)
philippica from the Philippines 1 (0)
philippinensis from the Philippines 0 (1)
phoenicea referring to the genus Phoenix, or the color purple 2 (0)
phoeniceum 1 (0)
phrygia Trojan; refers to the ancient area of Phrygia, where the city of Troy was situated, north-west coast of Turkey 1 (1)
phyllacantha leaves thorny, prickly, pungent 0 (2)
phyllacanthus leaves thorny, prickly, pungent 0 (1)
phyllanthoides resembling Phyllanthus 0 (2)
phyllitidis 1 (0)
phyllocephala 0 (1)
phymatodes 0 (4)
physalodes bladder-like 1 (0)
physodes bladder-like 0 (1)
phyteuma 1 (0)
pichta 0 (1)
picroides resembling Picris 1 (0)
picta painted or embroidered 1 (4)
pictum painted or embroidered 0 (1)
pierrei in honor of Jean Baptiste Louis Pierre (1833-1905), French botanist known for his Asian studies 0 (2)
piestopus narrow footed 0 (1)
pigna 0 (1)
pigra lazy 1 (0)
pileata capped, having a cap 1 (0)
piliferum bearing hairs, hairy in some respect 1 (0)
pilosa covered thinly with long soft hairs 3 (3)
piloselloides Pilosella (hawkweed)-like 1 (8)
pilosissima very pilose 0 (1)
pilosus covered thinly with long soft hairs 0 (1)
pimenta 0 (3)
pimpinelloides resembling Pimpinella 1 (0)
pinaster species epithet derived from lat. pinaster for pine 1 (0)
pinea lat.: pignolia, pine nut 1 (0)
pinnata two rows of leaflets 4 (3)
pinnatum two rows of leaflets 1 (3)
pinnatus two rows of leaflets 0 (2)
pinnulosa 0 (1)
pintoi in honor of Geraldo Carlos Pereira Pinto (1919-2009), Brazilian botanist 1 (0)
piperita 0 (1)
plana flat, level, or horizontal 1 (0)
planchonii in honor of Jules Émile Planchon (1823-1888), French botanist 1 (0)
planifolia having flat, horizontal leaves 1 (2)
planisiliqua 0 (1)
plantagineum resembling a plantain 1 (0)
plantago-aquatica earlier name for A. plantago-aquatica in reference to the similarity of the leaves with Plantago major and its aquatic habitat 1 (0)
planum plain 0 (1)
platanifolia leaves resemble those of the plane Platanus 0 (1)
platanifolium leaves resemble those of the plane Platanus 1 (0)
platycarpa flat or broad fruit 0 (1)
platyclada 0 (1)
platylepis 1 (0)
platypetala flat or broad petals 0 (1)
platyphylla flat or broad leaf 0 (2)
platyphyllus flat or broad leaf 0 (1)
platypus 0 (1)
plectostachya from gr. plektos (coil) and stachys (spike), curved and spiked racemes 0 (1)
plectostachyus from gr. plektos (coil) and stachys (spike), curved and spiked racemes 1 (0)
pleistantha 0 (1)
plethadenia 0 (1)
plethadenium 0 (1)
plicata folded, pleated 0 (3)
plukenetii 0 (1)
plumbaginoides resembling the genus Plumbago 1 (0)
plumieri in honor of Charles Plumier (1646-1704), French botanist 1 (2)
pluribracteatus with more or many bracts 1 (0)
pluviale 0 (1)
podagraria goatweed 1 (0)
podagrica with swollen foot 1 (0)
podocarpa footed fruit or seed 0 (1)
podophyllum 0 (1)
poeppigiana in honor of Eduard Friedrich Poeppig (1798-1868), German botanist 0 (2)
poetica of poets, especially Roman and Greek poets 0 (1)
poeticus 1 (1)
pohliana 0 (1)
pohlii in honor of Joseph Pohl (1864–1939), German botanical artist who collaborated with botanist Adolf Engler or in honor of Richard W. Pohl (1916-1993), US American botanist 0 (1)
poianthes 0 (1)
poissonii toxic, poisonous 1 (0)
polifolia either many-leaved, or grey leaved like Teucrium polium 1 (0)
polita polished 1 (0)
polo 0 (1)
polyacantha 0 (1)
polyandra with many stamens 1 (0)
polyanthum many flowered 0 (1)
polycephala many headed 1 (0)
polychroma 0 (1)
polygalifolia with leaves like Milkwort, Polygala 1 (0)
polygamum 0 (1)
polymorpha having many forms of the same organ 2 (2)
polymorphum 0 (1)
polymorphus having many forms of the same organ 0 (1)
polyphylla many leaved 1 (1)
polyrrhiza many roots 1 (0)
polystachion with many spikes 1 (0)
polystachya with many spikes 0 (1)
polystachyum 0 (1)
polysticta many spotted 1 (0)
pomiferum bearing apple-like fruits 0 (2)
pomiformis apple-shaped 1 (0)
ponticum from Pontus, is a historical designation for the region on the southern coast of the Black Sea, located in modern-day Turkey 0 (1)
ponticus from Pontus, is a historical designation for the region on the southern coast of the Black Sea, located in modern-day Turkey 0 (1)
populifolia poplar-leaved 1 (0)
populneus Poplar-like 1 (0)
porosa 0 (1)
porrecta 0 (1)
porteana 1 (1)
porteanus 0 (1)
portense 1 (0)
portensis from Porto, Portugal 1 (0)
portoricensis from Puerto Rico 0 (2)
portulacastrum epitheton by L. after purslane-like leaves 2 (1)
portulacea 0 (1)
portulacifolium having Portulaca-like leaves 1 (0)
portulacoides purslane(Portulaca)-like 1 (4)
praealta very high 0 (1)
praealtum very high 2 (0)
praecox early-ripening 0 (5)
praetextum 0 (1)
prairie 0 (1)
pratense growing in meadows 3 (1)
pratensis growing in meadows 4 (2)
pravertiana 0 (1)
precatorius latin for "one who prays" and alludes to the use of the seeds for rosaries 1 (0)
preumbellatum 0 (1)
primulinum like a Primula 1 (1)
primuloides primrose-like 1 (0)
principis the first, the most eminent, distinguished, or noble 0 (1)
pringlei 0 (1)
prinoides means, "resembles Prinos", which is the Greek name for Q. coccinea 2 (0)
procera tall 2 (1)
procerum 0 (1)
procerus high, tall, slender, stretched out 1 (0)
procumbens prostrate or lying down 2 (2)
prodigiosus unnatural, wonderful, marvellous 0 (1)
producta lengthened or elongated 1 (0)
prolifera proliferous, producing bunched growth or offsets or young plantlets 0 (2)
prominens 0 (1)
propinqua 0 (2)
prorepens creeping forward 1 (1)
proschii in honor of Roderich de Prosch (1866-1910), plant collector in Zambia 0 (1)
prostrata lying flat on the ground 6 (14)
prostratum 0 (1)
prunelloides resembling the genus Prunella 1 (0)
prunipes 0 (1)
psammophila 0 (1)
pseudacacia false acacia 0 (1)
pseudacorus false acorus, Acorus being the generic name of the Sweet Flag or Galingale 1 (0)
pseudoacacia false Acacia 1 (0)
pseudocolonum false column; resembling epithet colona 0 (1)
pseudocolonus false column; resembling epithet colona 0 (1)
pseudoflavus 0 (1)
pseudoglaziovii 1 (0)
pseudomalaccensis 0 (1)
pseudonarcissus False Narcissus, name given to this species, in order to prevent its being confounded with the True Narcissus (Narcissus poeticus L.) 1 (0)
pseudoplatanus false Platanus 1 (0)
pseudoprocumbens 0 (1)
pseudostylites 0 (1)
psilosepalus 1 (0)
psittacorum of parrots 1 (1)
psoraleoides resembling Psoralea 1 (2)
psychotrifolia 1 (0)
psychotrioides 0 (2)
pterocaulos winged stem 0 (1)
pterometra 0 (1)
pterostachys 0 (1)
pterygosperma 0 (1)
pubera 0 (1)
puberula 0 (1)
puberulum 0 (1)
pubescens downy, slightly hairy 9 (11)
pubifera bearing hairs 0 (1)
pudica bashful, retiring, shrinking 1 (0)
puerilis immature, trivial 0 (1)
pugiunculus 0 (1)
pulchella beautiful 2 (2)
pulchellus 0 (2)
pulcher beautiful 1 (0)
pulcherrima most beautiful 2 (1)
pulchra beautiful 0 (1)
pulegium derived from latin 'pulex' meaning flea (M. pulegium has insect-repellent properties) 1 (0)
pulverulentum powdered, as if dusted over 1 (0)
pumila short, very small, low, small, dwarf 1 (2)
pumilea short, very small, low, small, dwarf 1 (0)
pumilum short, very small, low, small, dwarf 0 (1)
punctata spotted 0 (1)
punctiflora spotted flowers 0 (1)
punctulatum covered in small dots 0 (1)
pungens piercing, as the points of the holly-leaf 1 (2)
puniceus reddish-purple 0 (1)
punicifolia reddish-purple leaves 1 (2)
puritanorum 0 (1)
purpuraceum purplish or turning purple 0 (1)
purpurascens purplish or turning purple 1 (4)
purpurea purple 6 (10)
purpureocinctus with a purple ring or circle 0 (1)
purpureorincta with a purple ring or circle 0 (1)
purpureum purple 1 (0)
purpureus purple 1 (0)
purpurocincta with a purple ring or circle 0 (1)
pusillima 0 (1)
pycnocephalus with heads arranged in dense clusters 1 (0)
pygmaea little; small; short; low; dwarf 0 (1)
pyramidale pyramidal 1 (0)
pyramidalis pyramid shaped 2 (2)
pyraster from Pyrus + lat. suffix -aster, thus meaning Pyrus pyraster 1 (0)
pyrenaica from the Pyrenees mountains (Andorra, France and Spain) 1 (0)
pyrenaicum from the Pyrenees mountains (Andorra, France and Spain) 0 (1)
pyrenaicus from the Pyrenees mountains (Andorra, France and Spain) 0 (1)
pyrifolia having leaves similar to those of pear, Pyrus-folium 0 (1)
pyrifolium having leaves similar to those of pear, Pyrus-folium 1 (0)
pyrroclada 0 (1)