List of Epithets

Specific epithets their meaning and number of taxon (synonym) entries

Epithet

Meaning

Entries

maackii named after Richard Maack, a 19th century Russian naturalist (1825 – 1886) 1 (0)
macer 0 (1)
macgregorii in honor of William McGregor (1846-1919), Scottish physician and British colonial administrator 0 (1)
maciba 1 (0)
maclaudii in honor of C. Maclaud (1895-?) who collected in West Africa 0 (1)
maclurei in honor of Floyd Alonzo McClure (1897–1970) United States botanist with extensive experience of Chinese bamboos 1 (0)
macowanii in honor of Peter MacOwan (1830-1909), British colonial botanist and teacher in South Africa 0 (1)
macracantha 0 (1)
macradenia having large glands 0 (1)
macrantha large-flowered 1 (1)
macrobotrys large and grape like clusters 1 (0)
macrocalyx 0 (2)
macrocarpa bearing large fruit 2 (0)
macrocarpon bearing large fruit 2 (0)
macrocarpus bearing large fruit 0 (3)
macrocephala 0 (1)
macrochila large-lipped 0 (1)
macroclada 0 (1)
macrocorvi 0 (1)
macrodon 1 (0)
macrodonta 0 (1)
macropetala bearing large petals 0 (1)
macrophylla large leaved 3 (6)
macrophyllum 0 (2)
macroptera large winged 0 (1)
macrorhapis large needle 0 (1)
macrorhiza large rooted 1 (0)
macrorrhizos with long or big roots 1 (0)
macrorrhizum with long or big roots 1 (1)
macrostachya macro, meaning large, and stachya, spike-shaped, referring the the size and the shape of the inflorescence 1 (2)
maculata spotted, stained or blotched 4 (4)
maculatum spotted 2 (0)
maculatus spotted 0 (1)
maculosa spotted 1 (1)
madagascariense from Madagascar 1 (1)
madagascariensis from Madagascar 1 (4)
maderaspatana from the Madras region of India 1 (0)
madritensis from Madrid, Spain 1 (0)
magellanica from the Straits of Magellan, South America (named in honor of Fernão de Magalhães (1480–1521), Portuguese explorer) 1 (0)
magna 0 (1)
magnifica great, eminent, distinguished, magnificent 1 (2)
magnolii in honor of Pierre Magnol (1638-1715), French botanist 0 (1)
magnoliifolium leaves resembling those of Magnolia 0 (1)
mai-pouri 0 (1)
mairei 0 (6)
majae 0 (1)
majalis flowering in May 1 (1)
major larger than the type 3 (5)
majus large, big 4 (2)
malabarica of or from the Malabar Coast, southern India 0 (1)
malabathricum of or from the Malabar Coast, southern India 1 (0)
malaccense from Malacca, Peninsula Malaysia 1 (0)
malaccensis 0 (4)
malacoides soft, tender, youthful, mucilaginous 1 (0)
malayana 0 (1)
malviflora mallow-flowered 1 (0)
mangle mangrove 1 (0)
mangostana malay, possibly derived from 'manggis' - sweet 1 (0)
manicata long-sleeved (Latin) 1 (0)
manihot from the Tupí–Guaraní (indigenous languages of South America) word for cassava (M. esculenta) 0 (1)
manilensis from Manila, Luzon, Philippines 0 (1)
mantaly a municipality in Madagascar 1 (0)
maranensis from Maranhão, a northeastern state of Brazil 0 (1)
marantifolia 0 (1)
margaritaceum 0 (1)
margaritaceus 0 (1)
marginata marginate, having a margin 0 (3)
marginatum marginate, having a margin 1 (0)
mariae 0 (1)
marianum referring to the Virgin Mary, or from Maryland, U.S.A. 1 (0)
marilandica of or from Maryland, USA 1 (0)
marina growing in or near the sea 1 (0)
maritima growing on the seashore, confined to the coast 10 (11)
maritimum growing on the seashore, confined to the coast 4 (1)
maritimus growing on the seashore, confined to the coast 2 (6)
marlothii in honor of South African botanist, botanical explorer and plant collector Hermann Wilhelm Rudolf Marloth (1855-1931) 1 (0)
martagon shape of a turban (from a Turkish word for a type of turhan) 1 (0)
martiana in honor of Karl Friedrich Philipp von Martius (1794-1868), German botanist and explorer 0 (4)
martini 0 (1)
mas male, in reference e.g. to hard wood or strong habit 1 (1)
mascula 0 (2)
massiliensis 0 (2)
mastichina similar to mastic, a resinous exudate from Pistacia lentiscus 1 (1)
matricarioides looks like Matricaria 1 (0)
matronalis of the married woman, dame, lady 1 (0)
mattiazzi in honor of Giulio Mattiazzi, assistant of Domenico Vandelli (1735-1816) 1 (0)
mauritanica 0 (1)
mauritiana refers to ancient Mauritania 1 (2)
mauritianum either referring to Mauritius (e.g. Nesocodon), or Mauretania (e.g. Malva), for Solanum uncertain 2 (0)
maxima largest 4 (4)
maximiliana 0 (1)
maximowiczii in honor of Karl Ivanovich Maximowicz (1827-1891), Russian botanist, plant collector and director of the herbarium at the St. Petersburg Botanical Garden 1 (0)
maximum largest 1 (0)
maximus largest 0 (1)
mayanum in connection to the Mayan civilisation of northern Central America 0 (1)
maydis of or upon maize 1 (0)
mayombensis 0 (1)
mays maize, corn 1 (0)
media in between - as of a hybrid for instance 2 (1)
mediterranea from the Mediterranean region 1 (2)
medium 1 (0)
megacephala large-headed 1 (0)
megaphyllus large-leaved 0 (1)
megapoda large feet 0 (1)
megapotamica of or from a big river 0 (2)
megapotamicum of or from a big river, in the case of Abutilon the Rio Grande of Brazil 1 (0)
melampyroides resembling Melampyrum 0 (1)
melanocarpa bearing black or dark fruit 1 (0)
melanoxylon having black wood 1 (3)
melilotus indicus 0 (1)
melilotus-indica 0 (2)
melilotus-indicus 0 (1)
melissa 0 (1)
melitensis from the island of Malta (Melita) 1 (0)
mellisii 0 (1)
melongena egg-plant, Solanum Melongena 1 (0)
melvillei 0 (1)
membranacea membranous 1 (0)
membranaceum thin textured, membranous 0 (1)
mendocina 0 (1)
menglaense from Mengla County in far southern Yunnan province, P.R. China 1 (0)
menglaensis from Mengla County in far southern Yunnan province, P.R. China 2 (0)
mengpengensis from or of Mengpeng, Mengla County, Yunnan Province, P.R. China 1 (0)
menthoides mint-like 1 (0)
menziesii after Archibald Menzies, a famous Scottish botanist 1 (1)
mertensiana in honor of Karl Heinrich Mertens (1795–1830), German plant collector 0 (1)
mesnyi in honor of William Mesny (1842-1919), English adventurer, general in the Chinese army and plant collector 1 (0)
messeniacus 0 (1)
metabolon 0 (1)
metallica refering to metallic (dark purplish-green) sheen 0 (1)
metel metel is derived from 'mathil', the Arabic name for the fruit of such plant 1 (0)
metzii 0 (1)
mexicana from or of Mexico 0 (1)
mexicanum from or of Mexico 0 (1)
meyenii 0 (1)
micans shining, sparkling, glistening 0 (5)
michauxii in honor of French Botanist Andre' Michaux (1746-1802) 0 (2)
micrantha bearing minute flowers 1 (7)
micranthum small flowered 0 (1)
micranthus small flowered 1 (0)
microbotryus 0 (1)
microcarpa bearing small fruit 0 (2)
microcarpum bearing small fruit 0 (1)
microcarpus 0 (1)
microcephalus small-headed 0 (2)
microphylla small-leaved 2 (2)
microphyllum small-leaved 1 (3)
microsperma 0 (1)
microstachys 0 (2)
mikanioides resembling Mikania 0 (1)
millefolium thousand-leaved 1 (0)
millenii from millennium, lat. for one-thousand years 1 (0)
milleri in honor of Philip Miller (1691-1771), English botanist of Scottish descent. Chief gardener at the Chelsea Physic Garden. 0 (1)
mimosifolia leaves as of Mimosa 1 (0)
mimosoides like Mimosa 1 (1)
miniata satin-red, flame-scarlet 1 (2)
miniatum satin-red, flame-scarlet 0 (2)
miniatus satin-red, flame-scarlet 0 (1)
minima very small 1 (2)
minimum very small 0 (1)
minor smaller, lesser 6 (5)
minus smaller, lesser 1 (1)
minuta smaller, lesser 1 (0)
minutiflorum 0 (1)
mischtschenkoana in honor of Pavel Ivanovich Misczenko (1869-1938), Russian botanist and plant collector 1 (0)
misera wretched, inferior, poor, pitiful 1 (0)
missouriensis from or of Missouri State, USA 0 (1)
mitis 0 (1)
mixta 0 (3)
modesta most restrained, modest or unassuming 0 (1)
moka 0 (1)
molesta troublesome 1 (0)
molle soft, tender, usually meaning pubescent like velvet 5 (0)
mollis soft, tender, usually meaning pubescent like velvet 1 (1)
mollissima softest, most tender 1 (0)
mollissimum softest, most tender 0 (1)
mombin indigenous American or Caribbean name for S. mombin 1 (0)
monandra having only one stamen 1 (1)
monanthos having a single flower, or flowers borne singly 0 (1)
monardella 0 (1)
monelli by L., unexplained 1 (0)
moneta 0 (1)
monilifera bearing a necklace 0 (1)
moniliferus bearing a necklace 0 (1)
moniliformis in the form of a necklace, like a string of beads 0 (1)
monoecus 0 (1)
monogyna having a single pistil in a flower 1 (0)
monoica one-house, florets hermophrodite 0 (1)
monoicum 0 (2)
monopetala one petal 0 (2)
monopetalum one petal 1 (0)
monophylla one-leaved 0 (2)
monophyllos one-leaved 1 (0)
monosperma one seed per fruit 1 (2)
monostachyum one-spiked 0 (1)
monostachyus one-spiked 1 (0)
monspeliensis from Montpellier, Southern France 1 (0)
monspessulanum from Montpellier, southern France 1 (0)
monstrosa 0 (1)
monstrosus 0 (1)
montana growing in the mountains 9 (4)
montanum growing in the mountains 1 (4)
montanus growing in the mountains 0 (1)
montevidensis of or from Montevideo, Uruguay 1 (1)
monticola growing in the mountains 1 (1)
mooreana in honor of Frederick William Moore (1857-1949), Irish horticulturist and botanist 0 (1)
moratii 0 (1)
moricandioides resembling Moricandia 1 (1)
morindoides resembling Morinda 1 (1)
moringa 0 (1)
morisianus 0 (1)
morisoniana 0 (1)
moritziana 0 (1)
morrowii in honor of James Morrow (1820-1865), american agriculturist and botanist 1 (0)
morsei 0 (1)
moschata musky; musk: an odorous glandular secretion from the male musk deer 1 (0)
moschatum musky; musk: an odorous glandular secretion from the male musk deer 1 (0)
moschatus musky smell 1 (0)
moscheutos musk-scented 1 (0)
mossambicensis 0 (1)
motorius moving 1 (0)
mucosa mucilage 1 (0)
mucronata terminating, an organ with a straight, stiff and sharp point 3 (5)
mucronatum with a very short, hard, pointed tip 1 (0)
mucronulatus with a very short, hard, pointed tip 0 (1)
mucunoides resembling Mucuna pruriens 1 (0)
mugiensis 0 (1)
multibracteatus many bracts 0 (1)
multicava many dimples 1 (0)
multicolor many colored 1 (0)
multifida divided many times 1 (1)
multifidum divided many times 0 (2)
multiflora many-flowered 2 (2)
multiflorum many-flowered 3 (1)
multiflorus many flowered 2 (2)
mundula trim, neat 0 (1)
murale growing on walls 0 (1)
muralis growing on walls 2 (0)
muricata full of rough, short, sharp points 2 (2)
muricatus having the surface covered with sharp points 1 (1)
murinum of mice, mouse-gray, like a mouse 1 (1)
murriana in honor of Josef Murr (1864-1932), Austrian classical philologist and botanist 0 (1)
muscaria related to flies 1 (0)
musei 0 (1)
mutabile variable or changeable 0 (1)
mutabilis variable or changeable 1 (1)
muticum curtailed, docked, pointless blunt, awn-less 1 (0)
muticus 0 (1)
myriadenium 0 (1)
myricoides resembling Myrica 1 (5)
myriophyllum many leaved 0 (1)
myristica nutmeg, Myristica fragrans 1 (0)
myrsinites resembling Myrtle 1 (2)
myrtifolia myrtle-leaved 1 (0)
myrtillifolia 0 (1)
myrtillus 1 (0)
mysorensis 0 (1)