List of Epithets

Specific epithets their meaning and number of taxon (synonym) entries

Epithet

Meaning

Entries

ebulus lat. name by Pliny (23-79 AD) for danewort 1 (0)
eburneum ivory-like 1 (0)
ecaudata without cauda (tail) 0 (1)
echinata set with prickles or spines (echinus, a hedgehog, or a prickle) 1 (4)
echinatum set with prickles or spines (echinus, a hedgehog, or a prickle) 0 (1)
echinatus set with prickles or spines (echinus, a hedgehog, or a prickle) 0 (2)
echinochloa hedgehog-grass, the glumes are often awned and the inflorescence congested, thereby resembling a hedgehog 0 (1)
echinus set with prickles or spines (echinus, a hedgehog, or a prickle) 1 (0)
ecklonii 0 (1)
ecklonis after Dr. Christian Friedrich Ecklon (1795-1868) 1 (1)
edentata without teeth, toothless 2 (0)
edessanum from Edessa, city in northern Greece 0 (1)
edmundoi 0 (1)
edule edible 0 (4)
edulis edible 5 (8)
eekhautii 0 (1)
effusa spread out, loosely-spreading, unrestrained 0 (1)
effusus 0 (1)
eggelingii in honor of William Julius Eggeling (1909-1994), Scottish forester, botanist and naturalist 0 (1)
elapsus 0 (1)
elastica elastic 1 (0)
elata exalted, tall, lofty, stately 2 (6)
elaterium abstergent, purgative 1 (1)
elatior higher, very lofty 3 (2)
elegans graceful, neat, nice 4 (6)
elephantotis elephant-eared (large pendulous leaves) 0 (1)
elliptica elliptic 1 (1)
ellipticum roughly twice as long as broad, oblong with rounded ends, elliptic 0 (1)
ellisiae 0 (1)
elongata elongated, lengthened, drawn out, extended 1 (4)
elongatifolia 0 (1)
elongatum elongated, lengthened, drawn out, extended 0 (2)
elongatus elongated, lengthened, drawn out, extended 0 (1)
emarginata with notched margin 1 (3)
emarginatus with notched margin 0 (1)
emerus domesticated, cultivated 0 (2)
emetica emetic, induces vomiting 1 (2)
eminii in honor of Emin Pasha the adopted name of Eduard Sennritzer (1840–1892), German physician, traveller, and African explorer in service of the Egyptian Government 1 (0)
emodi 0 (2)
endivia Endive 1 (0)
engelmanniana in honor of Georg Engelmann (1809-1884), German born American botanist and physician 0 (1)
enneaphyllos nine-leaved 1 (0)
ensal 0 (1)
ensifolia 0 (1)
ensiformis sword-shaped 1 (0)
ephemerum of short duration, short-lived 1 (0)
epipactis used by Theophrastus for a plant used to curdle milk 1 (0)
episcopalis of, or relative to a bishop; worthy of attention 1 (1)
epithymoides 1 (3)
epithymum growing on thyme 1 (0)
equisetifolia foliage like a horse tail 1 (0)
equisetiforme form as a horse tail 1 (0)
equitans horse riding 0 (3)
eradii in honor of N. A. Erady (fl. 1953), Indian botanist 0 (1)
eragrostis lovegrass (same meaning as for Eragrostis), possibly also earth- or fieldgrass instead 1 (0)
erecta upright, perpendicular 8 (5)
erectum upright, perpendicular 0 (1)
erectus upright, perpendicular 1 (2)
eriocarpum woolly fruits 1 (0)
eriocephalum woolly headed 0 (1)
erubescens blushing (reddening) 1 (1)
erythraea derived from the Greek 'erythros', meaning red 1 (0)
erythranthum red anthers 0 (1)
erythrocarpa 0 (1)
erythrocarpum 0 (1)
erythropappus red pappus 1 (0)
erythrophylla red leaves 1 (1)
erythrosepala red sepals 0 (2)
esculenta edible, fit for human food 4 (4)
esculentum edible, fit for human food 2 (1)
esculentus edible, fit for human food 2 (3)
espadanae 0 (1)
esquiroliana 1 (0)
esquirolii in honor of Joseph Henri Esquirol (1870-1934), French missionary, linguist and plant collector in Yunnan, P.R. China 0 (5)
esuloides resembling Esula 0 (1)
eugenioides resembling Eugenia, genus name in honor of Prince Eugene of Savoy, 18th century Austrian general 1 (0)
eupatoria refers to Mithradates VI (about 131-63 BC), king of Pontus (a Hellenistic state of Persian origin on the southern coast of the Black Sea) 1 (0)
eupatorium refers to Mithradates VI (about 131-63 BC), king of Pontus (a Hellenistic state of Persian origin on the southern coast of the Black Sea) 0 (1)
euphrasiifolia leaves resembling those of Euphrasia 0 (1)
europaea from Europe 2 (0)
europaeum from Europe 2 (0)
europaeus from Europe 6 (0)
evansiana 0 (1)
evansianum 0 (1)
evolutum unfolding, rolling onward 0 (1)
evolutus unfolding, rolling onward 1 (0)
exaltata highest, most eminent 0 (4)
exasperata 0 (1)
excavata 0 (1)
excelsa high, elevated 2 (3)
excelsior high, elevated 1 (1)
excelsum 0 (1)
excelsus high, elevated 0 (1)
exilis 0 (2)
exoniensis from Exeter, Devon, England, UK 0 (1)
expansa expanded, stretched out, spread out 0 (2)
expansum expanded, stretched out, spread out 0 (1)