List of Epithets

Specific epithets their meaning and number of taxon (synonym) entries

Epithet

Meaning

Entries

caboverdeana from Cape Verde 0 (1)
cabrera in honor of Angel Lulio Cabrera (1908–1999), Argentinian botanist and plant collector 0 (1)
cacao from Aztek word for 'Theobroma cacao' 1 (0)
caduca falling of dropping off 0 (1)
caeciliae in honor of Cecil Joslin Brooks (1875–1953), English plant collector in Borneo and Sumatra 0 (2)
caerulea sky-blue 2 (3)
caerulescens becoming sky blue, becoming true blue 0 (1)
caeruleum sky blue, true blue 1 (0)
caesia referring to the color blue e.g. leaves 1 (0)
caesium referring to the color blue e.g. leaves 0 (1)
caespititium growing in carpet-like patches 0 (1)
caespititius growing in carpet-like patches 1 (0)
caespitosa growing in dense tufts 0 (4)
caffra 1 (0)
cainito West Indian vernacular name for star apple 1 (0)
cairica from or of Cairo, Egypt 1 (0)
cairicus from or of Cairo, Egypt 0 (1)
cajanoides 0 (2)
cajetana 0 (1)
calabrica from Calabria, southern Italy 0 (1)
calcaratum with a spur 1 (0)
calcitrapa caltrop (an antipersonnel weapon made up of sharp spines arranged in such a manner that one of them always points upward from a stable base) 1 (0)
calderi in honor of James Alexander Calder (1915–1990), Canadian botanist 0 (1)
calendula refers to the species' resemblance to the marigold genus Calendula 1 (1)
calendulacea resembling the marigold genus Calendula 0 (1)
calendulaceum resembling the marigold genus Calendula 0 (1)
californica of Californian origin 1 (0)
calocarpa greek for beautiful fruit 1 (0)
calomelanos calo (beautiful) and melanos (black, dark coloured) 2 (0)
calthifolia 0 (1)
calycantha calyx-flowered, having flowers with conspicuous calyces 0 (2)
calycina nature or form of a calyx 1 (0)
calycinum nature or form of a calyx 3 (0)
calycolpoides 0 (1)
calyphyllus leafy calyx 1 (0)
camaldulensis derived from the name Camalduli, a district in Italy 1 (0)
camara South American vernacular name for a species of Lantana (ref. Lantana camara) 1 (0)
campanulata bell-shaped 1 (1)
campanulatus bell-shaped 0 (1)
campenonii 0 (2)
campestre growing in fields 3 (1)
campestris growing in fields 4 (4)
camposum 0 (1)
canadensis of Canadian origin 2 (4)
canariensis from the Canary Islands, or Canary-like 2 (1)
candelabrum candlestick 1 (0)
candicans white 1 (0)
candida 0 (1)
candidum pure white 1 (1)
candolleana 0 (1)
canephora basket-bearer, in reference to the involucrum under the head of the flower 1 (0)
canescens greyish-white, hoary 1 (4)
cannabinum resembling hemp, Cannabis 1 (0)
cannartii in honor of Frederic Cannart d'Hamale (1804-1888), Belgian botanist 0 (1)
cannoidea 0 (2)
cantabrica from Cantabria, province in north-western Spain 1 (0)
cantabricum from Cantabria, Northern Spain 1 (0)
cantonensis from Kuangchou, or Guangzhuo, SE China (Canton) 1 (1)
capax 0 (4)
capense refers to the Cape of Good Hope, South Africa 2 (0)
capensis from the Cape of Good Hope 1 (2)
capillare fine as hair 1 (0)
capillaris fine as hair 1 (0)
capillipes slender stalked 1 (3)
capillus-veneris venus hair; from 'capillus' (hair) and 'veneris' (genitive of Venus) 1 (0)
capitata head-shaped, as ahead of composite bloom 3 (2)
capitatum head-shaped, as ahead of composite bloom 2 (0)
capitatus head-shaped, as ahead of composite bloom 0 (1)
capitellata having a small head, or like a small head 1 (0)
capitiformis headed, head-shaped 1 (0)
capitulatum having a small head 0 (1)
cappa 1 (0)
capreolata having tendrils 1 (0)
caprificus 0 (1)
caput-medusae 1 (0)
caracasana from Caracas, Venezuela 0 (1)
carambola common name of Averrhoa carambola 1 (0)
carandas from the Malayan vernacular name, 'karandang', for C. carandas 0 (1)
cardamomum latinisation of the ancient Greek name for the Indian spice 1 (2)
cardiaca refers to its use as a remedy for heart ailments 1 (0)
cardunculus diminutive of Carduus (thistle) 2 (0)
caribaea from the Caribbean 0 (2)
carica from or of Caria, ancient name for a region of western Anatolia 1 (1)
carinatus having a ridge or being shaped like the ridge or keel of a ship 1 (0)
carionii 0 (1)
carmichaelii in honor of Dugald Carmichael (1772–1827), Hebridean-born British soldier and plant collector 1 (0)
carnea flesh coloured 2 (2)
carneum 0 (2)
carniolica 1 (0)
caroliana 0 (1)
carolina 1 (1)
caroliniana from the Province of Carolina, a former colony of North America including the modern states of North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Tennessee and Mississippi, and parts of modern Florida and Louisiana 0 (2)
carota Carrot 1 (0)
carpathica from the Carpathian mountains between Vienna and Romania 0 (1)
carpatica from the Carpathian mountains between Vienna and Romania 0 (1)
carpinifolia with leaves as those of Hornbeam Carpinus sp. 1 (0)
carrenleofuensis from Carrenleufú, a village and municipality in Chubut Province in southern Argentina 1 (0)
carthagenensis from Cartagena de Indias, Bolívar Department, Colombia 1 (0)
carthaginensis from Cartagena de Indias, Bolívar Department, Colombia 1 (0)
cartilaginea 0 (1)
cartilagineum 0 (1)
caryotoides resembling Caryota 1 (2)
cascadensis 0 (1)
cassinifolia having leaves as in the genera Cassinia 0 (1)
catalonica from Catalonia, Spain 0 (1)
catalpa 0 (1)
catalpifolia 0 (1)
catanii 0 (1)
catappa from the indo-malayan name katapang, ketapang for Terminalia catappa 1 (0)
catenata chained 0 (1)
cathartica of purging effect 1 (0)
cathayensis 0 (1)
catingicola from the 'caatinga' biome that covers most of the semi-arid region of Northeastern Brazil 1 (0)
caucasica from the Caucasus, Caucasian 0 (2)
caudata tailed, with tail 1 (1)
caudatus produced into a tail, tailed 0 (1)
caulescens 0 (1)
cauliflora 1 (2)
cauliflorum having flowers on the stem 1 (0)
cava hollow, arched, caved 1 (0)
cavaleriei 0 (2)
cavanillesii in honor of Antonio José Cavanilles (1745–1804), Spanish cleric and botanist 0 (2)
cayana 0 (1)
cayennensis of or from Cayenne (capital city of French Guiana) 1 (2)
caymanense from the Cayman Islands, British Overseas Territory in the western Caribbean Sea 0 (1)
caymanensis from the Cayman Islands, British Overseas Territory in the western Caribbean Sea 0 (1)
cecropioides resembling Cecropia 1 (0)
celebica 0 (1)
celosioides like genus Celosia 1 (0)
centralpinus 0 (1)
cepa latin name for onion 1 (1)
cepaeum 0 (1)
ceratophylla 0 (1)
ceratophylloides 0 (1)
cereale 1 (1)
cernua drooping, nodding 1 (5)
cespititium 0 (1)
cespitosum growing in tufts 0 (1)
cespitosus growing in tufts 0 (1)
ceterach 1 (0)
ceylanica 0 (1)
chaerophylloides 0 (1)
chaixiana in honor of Dominique Chaix (1731–1800), French cleric and botanist 0 (1)
chalcedonica from or of Chalcedonia, the territory dependent upon Chalcedon, an ancient maritime town on the eastern shore of the Bosporus, opposite modern Istanbul, Turkey 1 (2)
chamae on the ground, lowly, creeping 1 (0)
chamaepeploides 0 (1)
chamaepitys 1 (0)
chamaesyce 1 (2)
chamomilla earth-apple, apple on the ground 1 (0)
changjiangensis from Changjiang Li, county in Hainan, the Peoples Republic of China 0 (1)
chantrieri in honor of Chantrier Frères, famous horticulturalists of Mortefontaine, France, in the second half of the nineteenth century 1 (0)
characias from 'Xaraxias' as Dioscorides called E. characias in the first century CE 1 (0)
charantia from L., but origion unexplained, not ital. 1 (0)
charoides 0 (1)
cheliensis 0 (2)
chelonia 0 (1)
chevalieri in honor of Auguste Jean Baptiste Chevalier (1873-1956), French botanist, taxonomist and explorer 1 (4)
chilense from Chile 0 (2)
chilensis from Chile 0 (1)
chinense of Chinese origin 2 (2)
chinensis of Chinese origin 5 (9)
chirendensis 0 (1)
chirindensis of the Chirinda Forest, Zimbabwe 1 (0)
chlorophaea grey-green 1 (0)
chlorosepala 1 (0)
chonosense 0 (1)
chrysolepis 0 (1)
chrysophylla yellow leaves 0 (1)
chrysostele golden column 1 (0)
chrysotoxum seed of gold 1 (0)
chrysotrichum golden-haired 1 (0)
chungensis from Chongqing, city in western region of China 1 (0)
ciarensis 0 (1)
cibarius edible, food 1 (0)
cicutarium refers to the leaves which resemble the leaves of Cicuta - Conium maculatum 1 (0)
ciliaris fringed, as with eyelashes 3 (0)
ciliata fringed, as with eyelashes 2 (13)
ciliatum 0 (1)
cincinnata having curls, curly 1 (0)
cinerascens with ashen-grey shadings 0 (2)
cinerea ashen-grey 3 (4)
cinereum ashen-grey 0 (1)
cintranus from Sintra, Portugal 1 (0)
cirrhosa yellowish, tawny-coloured 1 (0)
cissoides having the form of or similarity to genus Cissus 1 (0)
citrifolia having leaves similar to the genus Citrus 1 (0)
citriformis lemon shaped 0 (1)
citrina 0 (1)
citrinum lemony 0 (1)
citrinus lemon, referring to the scent of the leaves 1 (0)
citriodora 0 (2)
citrodora lemon-scented 0 (1)
clarkei 0 (2)
clematitis with long vine-like branches 1 (0)
clinocarpa 0 (1)
clusiacea in honor of Charles de l’Écluse (Carolus Clusius) (1526–1609), Flemish doctor and pioneering botanist 0 (2)
clusiana in honor of Charles de l’Écluse (Carolus Clusius) (1526–1609), Flemish doctor and pioneering botanist 1 (0)
clusianum in honor of Charles de l’Écluse (Carolus Clusius) (1526–1609), Flemish doctor and pioneering botanist 0 (2)
clusii in honor of Charles de l’Écluse (Carolus Clusius) (1526–1609), Flemish doctor and pioneering botanist 0 (3)
clusiifolia having leaves like Clusia 1 (0)
coarensis 0 (1)
coccifera bearing berries 1 (0)
coccinea scarlet 7 (8)
coccineum scarlet 1 (2)
coccineus 0 (3)
coccolobifolia leaves resembling those of Coccoloba 1 (0)
cochinchinensis from Cochinchina (old name for various southern regions of Vietnam) 3 (2)
cochleata 0 (1)
codonopsidifolia 0 (1)
coerulea 0 (1)
coeruleum sky-blue, blue 0 (1)
coggygria 1 (0)
colebrookianum in honor of Henry Thomas Colebrooke (1765–1837), English orientalist 1 (0)
coleophorum 0 (1)
collieri 0 (1)
colona colonist, cultivated as a cereal 1 (0)
colonum 0 (2)
colonus 0 (1)
colorata coloured 2 (0)
colubrina snake like 1 (3)
columbaria dove-coloured 1 (0)
columbinum from Columbia (America) 1 (0)
columellatum 0 (1)
columnae 0 (1)
combwoodiana 0 (1)
commelina 0 (1)
commersonii 0 (1)
commune 0 (1)
communis common, or growing in society 8 (4)
communissima very common 0 (1)
commutata changed, altered 1 (3)
commutatum 0 (1)
commutatus changed, altered 0 (1)
comorensis from the Comoro Islands, an archipelago of volcanic islands situated off the south-east coast of Africa, to the east of Mozambique and north-west of Madagascar 0 (2)
comosa referring to hair 1 (2)
comosus tuft like 1 (0)
compacta compact, close together 0 (2)
compactus compact, close together 1 (1)
complexa interwoven, entangled 1 (0)
composita compound, e.g. flowers in a head 0 (1)
compositus 0 (1)
compressus flattened, pressed together 1 (0)
comptoniifolia 0 (1)
concatenata linked or chained together 1 (0)
concatenatum linked or chained together 0 (1)
concinna elegant, attractive 0 (1)
concinnus 0 (1)
concolor 1 (1)
condylocarpon 1 (0)
conferta dense, compact, closely crowded together 0 (1)
confertiflora crowded flowers 0 (1)
confertum 0 (1)
confertus crowded, pressed-together 1 (0)
confusa easily mistaken for another species, disordered 0 (3)
confusus easily mistaken for another species, disordered 0 (1)
congesta very close together, crowded, pressed 0 (4)
conglomerata pressed together, in a dense mass, clustered 0 (1)
conglomeratus pressed together, in a dense mass, clustered 1 (0)
congolense from the Democratic Republic of Congo (former Belgian Congo) 0 (1)
coniocraea 1 (0)
conjugata united, bound together 0 (1)
conjugatum united, bound together 2 (0)
conterminus bordering upon, having a common boundary 0 (1)
contortus twisted 1 (0)
contractum contracted, drawn together 0 (1)
convallarioides resembling Convallaria 0 (1)
conyzoides resembling or like Conyza 1 (0)
cooperi named in honour of Sir Daniel Cooper (1821-1902) 2 (1)
copallina gummy or resinous 0 (1)
copallinum gummy or resinous 1 (0)
corchorifolia leaves similar to the genus Corchorus 1 (0)
cordata heart-shaped, as of leaves having the stalk at the notched end 2 (5)
cordatum heart-shaped, as of leaves having the stalk at the notched end 0 (2)
cordatus heart-shaped, as of leaves having the stalk at the notched end 1 (0)
cordifolia with heart-shaped leaves 5 (5)
cordifolium with heart-shaped leaves 0 (3)
cordifolius with heart-shaped leaves 0 (1)
cordofana from Kordofan: region constituting the central area of The Sudan 1 (0)
coriacea leather-like 0 (2)
coriaceum leather-like 1 (0)
coriaria from lat. 'coriaria frutex' for R. coriaria, derived from lat. corium (leather) in ref. to the plants tannin content 1 (0)
coriariae 0 (1)
corniculata horned, bearing small horns, having horn-like fruit 1 (0)
corniculatum horned, bearing small horns, having horn-like fruit 0 (1)
cornifolia 0 (1)
cornuta horned or spurred 2 (0)
cornutus horned or spurred 2 (0)
coromandeliana from the Coromandel Coast, the southeastern coast region of the Indian Subcontinent 0 (1)
coromandelinum 0 (1)
coronaria crown-like 1 (1)
coronarium from lat. corona for crown, garlanding 2 (0)
coronata crowned or wreathed 1 (2)
coronopifolia with leaves like those of Coronopus 1 (0)
coronopus like Coronopus, Swine-cress 1 (0)
corruda 0 (1)
corsica from Corsica, France 0 (3)
corymbosa arranged in corymbs 3 (2)
corymbosum full of corymbs (clusters of fruit or flowers) 2 (1)
corymbosus 0 (1)
costata 1 (0)
costatum elevated, ribbed 1 (0)
cracca name used by Pliny the Elder for a vetch 1 (0)
craniomorpha 0 (1)
crassicaulis with thick stem 0 (1)
crassifolia having thick, fleshy or leathery leaves 1 (3)
crassifolium having thick, fleshy or leathery leaves 0 (1)
crassipes with thick stem 1 (0)
crataegus strong, in reference to Crataegus timber 0 (1)
crenata with shallow, rounded teeth 3 (0)
crepidifolium 1 (0)
crepidioides resembling Crepis 1 (0)
crepitans from the Latin "crepitus" meaning "a crackling sound 1 (0)
cretaceum 0 (1)
cretica from the island of Crete in the Mediterranean 2 (1)
creticus from the island of Crete in the Mediterranean 0 (1)
crinipes 0 (1)
crinita mane-like, long haired 1 (2)
crinitum mane-like, long haired 0 (1)
crinitus mane-like, long haired 1 (1)
crispa curled closely, crested 2 (1)
crispatulus slightly curled or waved 0 (1)
crispum curled closely, crested 1 (1)
crispus curled closely, crested 1 (0)
cristagalli 0 (1)
cristata comb-like, crested 3 (3)
crithmifolia with leaves like in the genus Crithmum 0 (1)
crocata citron-yellow, saffron-like 1 (0)
crocea citron-yellow, saffron-like 0 (2)
croceolanata 0 (1)
croceorincta 0 (1)
crotalarioides resembling Crotalaria 0 (2)
crucialis 0 (1)
cruciata 0 (3)
cruciatum with leaves in alternate pairs at right angles to the pair below 1 (0)
crus-corvi 0 (1)
crus-galli refers to the resemblance of the long spines to the spurs of a rooster 1 (5)
cruscorvi 0 (1)
cuadriflorus four-flowered 0 (2)
cubensis from Cuba 0 (3)
cuci 0 (1)
cucullata 0 (1)
cucullatum hooded 0 (1)
cucumerina cucumber-like 1 (0)
cujete derived from an aboriginal name for Crescentia cujete 1 (0)
cumaria 0 (1)
cumingiana 0 (1)
cumingianum 0 (1)
cumini 1 (0)
cuneata wedge-shaped, narrow below and wide above 1 (3)
cuneatus 0 (1)
cuneifolius having wedge-shaped leaves 0 (1)
cuprea 0 (1)
cupressina 0 (1)
curassavica from or of Curaçao, Leeward Antilles, Caribbean 1 (0)
curatellifolia with leaves like a Curatella (Dilleniaceae) 1 (1)
curcas name first given by Garcia de Orto to ‘certain seeds’ in 1563, meaning unknown 1 (0)
curtissii 0 (1)
curviflora curved flower 1 (2)
curvifolia 0 (1)
cuspidata with a sharp and rigid point 0 (1)
cuspidatum with a sharp and rigid point 0 (2)
cuspidatus with a sharp and rigid point 0 (2)
cyanescens becoming azure or blue 1 (0)
cyaneum azure, blue 1 (0)
cyanus azure, blue 1 (0)
cydonia from Kydonia, now Chania, Crete, Greece 0 (1)
cylindracea cylindrical 0 (1)
cylindrica cylindrical 1 (0)
cylindricum cylindrical 1 (0)
cylindrystachyus cylindrical spike 1 (0)
cymbalaria cymbal like 0 (1)
cymosa bearing cymes, more or less flattened flower heads blooming from the middle out 1 (1)
cymosum bearing cymes, more or less flattened flower heads blooming from the middle out 0 (1)
cynapium dog-parsley, parsley of inferior quality 1 (0)
cyparissias resembling cypress 1 (4)
cyperoides 1 (1)
cyprium from Cyprus 1 (0)
cyrtophylla curved or convex leaves 1 (0)
cytisoides resembling Milk- or Tree-trefoil, Cytisus 1 (0)