List of Epithets

Specific epithets their meaning and number of taxon (synonym) entries

Epithet

Meaning

Entries

abbreviata shortened 2 (0)
abbreviatum shortened 0 (1)
abchasicus from Abkhazia, territory on the eastern coast of the Black Sea and the south-western flank of the Caucasus 1 (0)
abelis 0 (1)
abelmoschus musk smelling 0 (1)
abies lat. for silver fir tree 1 (0)
abortiva improperly formed; premature; imperfect 0 (1)
abrus soft or delicate 0 (2)
abutilon mallow (Malva)-like 0 (2)
abyssinica from Abyssinia (Ethiopia) 3 (3)
abyssinicus from Abyssinia (Ethiopia) 1 (0)
acanthifolius thorny-leaved 0 (1)
acanthium thorny 1 (0)
acaulis without a stem 1 (0)
acetosa slightly acid 1 (0)
acetosella acid salts - refers to oxalic acid found in the leaves 2 (1)
acetosifolia 0 (1)
achiras 0 (1)
aciculare needle-like 0 (1)
acicularis needle-like 0 (2)
acinaciformis scimitar-shaped; scimitar = sword with a curved blade, refers to the leaf shape 1 (0)
acinosa full of pips, kernels 1 (0)
acknerianum 0 (1)
aclisia 0 (1)
aconitifolia with leaves like the Monkshood, Aconitum 1 (0)
acre biting or sharp (taste) 1 (0)
acris biting, sharp taste 1 (0)
aculeastrum somewhat prickly or thorny 1 (0)
aculeata with thorns, prickly and pointed 1 (2)
aculeatissima very prickly 0 (1)
aculeatissimum very prickly 1 (0)
aculeatum with thorns, prickly and pointed 1 (0)
aculeatus with thorns, prickly and pointed 1 (0)
aculeolatum with thorns, prickly and pointed 1 (0)
acuminata long pointed 2 (4)
acuminatissimus sharpest 0 (1)
acuta pointed, tapering to a point 1 (1)
acutangulum sharply angled 0 (1)
acutangulus sharply angled 0 (1)
acutatum sharpened 1 (0)
acutiflora with pointed flowers 0 (1)
acutifolia with pointed leaves 1 (1)
acutifolius with pointed leaves 1 (1)
acutus pointed, tapering to a point 1 (0)
adelogaeum from Japan, 'adelogaeum' means belonging to a secret world as Japan was closed to contact with Europeans from the 17th to the mid-19th century 0 (1)
adenophora gland-bearing 1 (0)
adenophorum gland-bearing 0 (1)
adenophylla glandular-leaved 0 (1)
adhaerens sticky 0 (1)
adnata broadly attached, joined together, united 0 (1)
adoensis from Adwa (Adoa) in Tigray, Ethiopia 1 (0)
adpressa lying flat, closely flattened down 0 (1)
adscendens rising upwards 1 (3)
aducum from latin 'aduncus' meaning hooked 1 (0)
adulterina an adulteration, impure, counterfeit, possibly indicating it’s a cross 0 (1)
aegyptia from Egypt 1 (0)
aegyptiaca of Egyptian origin 1 (0)
aegyptica of Egyptian origin 1 (0)
aegyptium of Egyptian origin 1 (0)
aenea 0 (1)
aequata equal, similar 1 (0)
aequinoctiale of the equinox; of equatorial regions 1 (0)
aestivalis pertaining to summer, flowering in summer 1 (1)
aestivum pertaining to summer, flowering in summer 1 (0)
aestuans agitating, undulating 2 (2)
aethiopica of Ethiopian origin 2 (5)
aethiopicum of Ethiopian origin 0 (1)
aethiopum of Ethiopian origin 1 (0)
aetnensis from Mount Etna, Italy 0 (1)
afer of African origin 1 (0)
affine similar, related, of near alliance 2 (2)
affinis similar, related, of near alliance 2 (3)
africana of African origin 6 (8)
africanus of African origin 1 (2)
agnus-castus 1 (0)
agraria of the land, growing in fields 0 (1)
agrarium of the land, growing in fields 0 (1)
agreste wild on arable land 0 (1)
agrestinum wild on arable land 0 (1)
agrestis wild on arable land 0 (3)
ailanthoides resembles genus Ailanthus 1 (0)
aipi 0 (1)
ajacis named after the Greek hero Ajax 1 (0)
akoense 0 (1)
alabamensis from Alabama, USA 0 (1)
alata winged, with wings 6 (2)
alaternus probably of Etruscan origin, in lat. used for Rhamnus alaternus 1 (0)
alatum winged, with wings 1 (0)
alatus winged, with wings 0 (1)
alba white 6 (10)
albanica from Albania 0 (1)
albicans albineus, nearly white, whitish 1 (0)
albidosetulosa 0 (1)
albidum albineus, nearly white, whitish 1 (0)
albidus albineus, nearly white, whitish 1 (2)
albiflora white-flowered 0 (4)
albiflorum white-flowered 0 (1)
albomaculata 1 (0)
albomaculatum 0 (1)
album dead white, without lustre 5 (3)
albus dead white, without lustre 7 (4)
alcea refers to the genus Alcea, so 'like a Hollyhock' 1 (0)
alexandri in honor of Richard Chandler Alexander Prior (1809-1902), English physician and botanist 0 (1)
algarbiensis from Algarve region, southern Portugal 1 (0)
algarvense from Algarve, Southern Portugal 1 (0)
algida 0 (1)
aliciae 1 (0)
alismatifolia leaves like Alisma (Alismataceae) 1 (0)
alismoides Alisma-like 1 (0)
allang derived from the vernacular name for the species in Malaya (alang-alang) 0 (1)
alleghaniensis from or of 'Alleghany County', a county located in the U.S. state of Virginia 1 (0)
allegheniensis from the Allegheny Mountain Range of the eastern United States and Canada 1 (0)
allionii in honor of Carlo Allioni (1728-1804), Italian physician and professor of botany 0 (1)
alnifolia alder-leaved 2 (0)
alnus ancient Latin for Alnus, alder 0 (1)
aloides resembling Aloe 2 (0)
alopecuros 1 (2)
alopecurus fox tail, fox brush 2 (1)
alpina from the Alps 1 (2)
alpinum from the Alps 1 (1)
altaica from the Altai Mountains, a mountain range in East-Central Asia, where Russia, China, Mongolia and Kazakhstan come together 0 (1)
alternifolia having alternate leaves 0 (1)
alternifolium with alternating leaves 1 (0)
alternifolius with alternating leaves 0 (1)
alternipilosa 0 (2)
alternipilosum 0 (1)
altescandens 0 (1)
althaeoides resembling Althaea 1 (1)
altilis fattened, fat 1 (0)
altissima very high (referring to altitude), (altus, high) 1 (3)
alypum a former synonym for Globularia 1 (0)
amabile lovely; pleasing 1 (0)
amabilis lovely 1 (2)
amara bitter 0 (2)
amarus bitter 0 (1)
amazonicum of Amazonian origin 0 (1)
amazonicus of Amazonian origin 0 (1)
ambigens doubtful, of uncertain relationship 0 (1)
ambigua doubtful, of uncertain relationship 0 (8)
ambiguum doubtful, of uncertain relationship 0 (1)
ambiguus doubtful, of uncertain relationship 0 (1)
amboensis 0 (1)
ambrosioides Ambrosia-like 1 (0)
amellus looks like species of the genus Amellus 1 (0)
amentacea in the form of a catkin 1 (0)
americana from America 5 (5)
americanum from America 1 (1)
americanus from America 0 (1)
amoena charming, delightful, pleasing, lovely 2 (2)
amoenus charming, delightful, pleasing, lovely 0 (1)
ampeloprasum leek of the vineyard 1 (0)
ampla ample, spacious, broad 1 (0)
amplexicaule stem-clasping, when the petiole leaf is dilated at base and embraces the stem 1 (0)
amplissima very big, very wide 1 (0)
amygdalina 0 (1)
amygdaloides Almond like 1 (2)
anachoreta not in chorus, growing in seclusion 1 (0)
anagallis-aquatica greek for water pimpernel 1 (0)
anagalloides resembling Anagallis 1 (0)
ananas 0 (2)
anceps 0 (3)
ancistrotrichum 0 (1)
andegavense from Angers, France 1 (0)
andrewsii 0 (1)
andrieuxii in honor of G. Andrieux (fl. 1833-1836), plant collector in Mexico 1 (0)
andropogon bearded-male 0 (2)
androsaemum blood red 1 (0)
anfractuosum twisted, bent, winding 0 (1)
angiocarpus enclosed fruit, fruit enclosed by perianth segments 0 (1)
anglica English 0 (2)
angolense from Angola 1 (2)
angolensis from Angola 2 (3)
angulata having corners 2 (2)
angulatum angulatum having angles or corners 0 (1)
angulatus having corners 1 (0)
angulosa 0 (1)
angusta 0 (1)
angustata somewhat narrow 0 (1)
angustifolia with narrow leaves 9 (8)
angustifolium with narrow leaves 0 (4)
angustifolius with narrow leaves 1 (1)
angustilobum 0 (1)
angustissima most narrow 0 (2)
angustus 0 (1)
ani 0 (1)
anisata anis like 1 (0)
anisophyllum 0 (1)
ankolense 0 (1)
annamensis from Anam, Vietnam 0 (1)
annua yearly, annual, lasting a year, within a year 4 (2)
annulatum having a ring, ringed 1 (0)
annulatus having a ring, ringed 0 (1)
annuum yearly, annual, lasting a year 3 (0)
annuus yearly, annual, lasting a year, within a year 3 (0)
anomocalyx 0 (1)
anserina 1 (0)
antaly from or of Antaly, a town and commune in southwestern Madagascar 1 (0)
antennacea 1 (2)
antennaceus 0 (1)
anthelmia anti helminths (parasitic worms) 1 (0)
anthemoides resembling the genus Anthemis 1 (1)
anthericoides resembling Anthericum 0 (4)
anthylloides resembling Anthyllis 0 (1)
antillana 0 (1)
antiquorum 0 (2)
antunesii 0 (1)
aobanum 0 (1)
aparine holding on, clinging 1 (1)
aparinum bedstraw (clinging, seizing) 0 (1)
apenninum from the Italian Apennine Mountains 1 (0)
apenninus 1 (0)
aphrodisiaca 0 (1)
aphyllum without leaves 1 (0)
aphyllus without leaves 1 (0)
apiculata apiculate, small broad point at apex tip 0 (2)
apoense from Mount Apo, an active volcano in South-East Mindanao, Philippines 0 (1)
approximata 0 (1)
aprica 0 (1)
aquatica living in water 2 (5)
aquaticus living in water 1 (0)
aquatilis swimming, floating in water 1 (0)
aquifolium prickly 2 (0)
aquilegiifolia 0 (1)
aquilinum derived from the Latin 'aquila' for eagle 1 (0)
arabica of Arabian origin 2 (0)
arabicum of Arabian origin 0 (1)
arachnoideum like a spiders web 1 (0)
aragonensis from Aragon, northeastern Spain 0 (1)
araucana reference to Arauco province (Chile) 1 (1)
araucarioides 0 (1)
arborea like a tree 7 (4)
arborescens arboreus, like a tree 2 (2)
arboreum like a tree 2 (2)
arbutifolia having leaves like Arbutus 0 (2)
arctostaphyloides resembling Arctostaphylos 0 (1)
arcuata bow-shaped, bent 0 (4)
arcuatus 0 (1)
arechavaletae 0 (1)
arenaria growing in sand 2 (4)
arenarium growing in sand 1 (1)
arenarius growing in sand 1 (0)
arenicola sand-dwelling 0 (1)
arenivagum straggling, wandering, or going through the sand 0 (1)
argentata 0 (2)
argentea silvery 2 (6)
argenteum silvery 0 (1)
arguta 0 (3)
argutifolius sharply toothed leaves 1 (0)
argyi 1 (1)
argyreia silvery 1 (0)
arietinum similar to a ram's head 1 (0)
aristatum with a long, bristle-like tip, bearded 1 (0)
arizonica 0 (1)
armata armed 0 (1)
armatum armed 1 (0)
armeniacum of Armenian origin 1 (0)
armenus of Armenian origin 0 (1)
armillaris bracelet-like, having a collar 1 (0)
armoricanus 0 (1)
arnassensis 0 (1)
aromatica 0 (1)
aromaticum spicy, aromatic, fragrant 1 (0)
aromaticus spicy, aromatic, fragrant 0 (1)
articulatum 0 (1)
articulatus 0 (1)
artocarpifolia leaves similar to those in the genera Artocarpus 0 (1)
arundinacea resembling Arundo, referring to the reed-like characteristics 0 (1)
arundinaceae resembling Arundo, referring to the reed-like characteristics 0 (1)
arvense growing in fields 4 (0)
arvensis growing in fields 11 (2)
asarifolia Asarum leaved 1 (0)
asarifolius Asarum leaved 0 (1)
ascendens climbing, ascending, rising 0 (1)
asclepiadea resembling species of the genera Asclepias 1 (0)
asiatica of Asiatic origin 3 (4)
asiaticus of Asiatic origin 1 (0)
aspera rough, sharp to the touch 5 (1)
asperata 0 (1)
asperrimum roughest 1 (0)
asperum rough, harsh 1 (1)
asplenifolia 0 (1)
aspleniifolia leaves resembling the genus Asplenium 0 (1)
assamica native to Assam (northeastern state of India) 1 (0)
assimile 1 (0)
asturiensis from Asturia, a principality in NW Spain whose capital is Astorga 1 (0)
atlantica from the Atlas Mountains in North Africa 1 (2)
atrocinerea atro - black, cinerea - ashen 1 (0)
atropurpurea dark purple 0 (2)
atropurpureum dark purple 1 (0)
atrorubens 0 (1)
atrosanguineum dark blood-red 0 (1)
attenuata long, slender and tapering 1 (1)
attenuatum long, slender and tapering 1 (0)
attenuatus long, slender and tapering 1 (0)
aubertii 1 (0)
auctumnale 0 (1)
aucuparia attracting birds 1 (0)
audibertii 0 (1)
augescens 0 (1)
aurantiaca orange-like, orange-coloured 1 (3)
aurantiacum orange-like, orange-coloured 1 (1)
aurata 0 (1)
aurea of golden colour, golden yellow 3 (2)
aureum of golden colour, golden yellow 2 (1)
aureus of golden colour, golden yellow 0 (3)
auriculata ear-shaped 3 (2)
auriculatum ear-shaped 0 (2)
auriculatus ear-shaped 0 (1)
auriculiforme formed like an ear 0 (1)
auriculiformis formed like an ear 1 (0)
australe southern, of the southern hemisphere 0 (2)
australis southern, of the southern hemisphere 3 (1)
austriaca of Austrian origin 0 (2)
austrina southern, of the southern hemisphere 0 (1)
autumnale of the Autumn, Autumn flowering 1 (1)
autumnalis of Autumn, autumn-flowering 2 (0)
avellana from the Province of Avellino, Campania, Italy 1 (0)
avellanedae 0 (4)
avicennae in honor of Ibn Sina (Avicenna latinized name) (980–1037), Persian philosopher and physician 0 (1)
aviculare sought by birds 2 (0)
avium from 'avis', meaning birds 1 (3)
axillaris armpit, axillary 2 (2)
ayri 0 (1)
azadirachta 0 (2)
azedarach either arab. origin or more likely from lat. cedraceus due to similarity of aromatic smelling wood with Cedrus 1 (0)
azorica from the Azores 2 (0)
azoricum 1 (0)
azurea deep blue 1 (0)
azureum deep blue 0 (1)